Camp near Sharpsburg, Md., October 1, 1862.
SIR: In compliance with your circular of to-day, I have the honor to report that on the 14th of September, 1862, the Seventh Regiment, under command of Colonel Bolinger, marched from camp near Frederick City to South Mountain, and was engaged with the brigade in that battle. Our loss was inconsiderable, except that Colonel Bolinger was seriously wounded during the action, and the command of the regiment devolved upon myself. The next day (being Monday) we marched to Antietam Creek, where we encamped for the night. On Tuesday the regiment crossed with the brigade and proceeded toward Sharpsburg, where we met the enemy near night and lay on our arms in the woods until morning, when, at about 6 a.m., the line was formed and the enemy met in front in a corn-field. The regiment was under a galling fire of musketry for some time, and lost about one-third their number engaged, but firmly remained on the ground until their ammunition was nearly expended and relieved by other troops. With the exceptions, one lieutenant and a few skulkers, I can only [state] that officers and men are deserving the highest praise for gallantry and obedience during both actions, and we have to report the loss of Captain Colwell, of Company A, and Lieutenant Sanders, of Company K (acting adjutant), who were killed while at their post, manfully doing their duty.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. A. LYMAN,
Major, Commanding Seventh Regiment.
1 US War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (OR), 128 vols., Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1880-1901, Vol. 51/Part1 (Ser #107), pg. 148 [AotW citation 130]