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Army Medal of Honor

Medal of Honor Citation


Robert Reid

Organization: Company G, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry

Entered Service: Pottsville, Pa.

Birth: Scotland

Date Medal Issued: 1 December 1864

Date of Action: 17 June 1864

Place of Action: Petersburg, Va.


Capture of flag of 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

More about this award

"The 48th Pennsylvania Regiment ... were entrenched before Petersburg. They were a part of the 9th Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The regiment then charged under a heavy artillery fire and seized a position in close proximity to the Confederate main line of works, which had been unsuccessfully attempted by the Second Corps earlier. Before daylight of the 17th the Forty-eighth and the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts, of the First Brigade, crossed a marsh, which was situated just in front, in single file and in perfect silence. The line was formed, and joined to a line composed of part of the Second Brigade, and by a sudden dash carried the rebel works and captured the men behind them. It was a complete surprise. The enemy's line was driven in confusion for half a mile, four pieces of artillery, fifteen hundred stand of arms, and six hundred prisoners were taken. Seeing in the melee three Confederates making for the rear, one of them carrying a stand of colors, he promptly rushed at them and demanded their surrender. They threw up their hands and Sergeant Monaghan of Company F, brought them in. When the flag was unfurled, it proved to be that of the 7th New York Heavy Artillery that had been captured the day before. A flag of the Forty-eighth Tennessee Regiment, on which was inscribed "Shiloh," was captured, by Private Robert A. Reid, of Company G, for which each received medals of honor. The losses in this charge for the 48th Pennsylvania was seventy-five killed and wounded."
(from Monaghan)

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