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Federal (USV)

Captain

John Claude Buchanan

(1823 - 1902)

Home State: Michigan

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 8th Michigan Infantry

Before Antietam

He was raised in Pennsylvania and trained as a gunsmith. A resident of Grand Rapids since 1843, he entered service in Company D, Eighth Michigan Infantry at its organization at Grand Rapids, for 3 years, at age 38. He was commissioned First Lieutenant on 12 August 1861, and mustered at that rank on 23 September 1861. He was commissioned Captain of his Company on 1 September 1862.

On the Campaign

He was wounded in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862 - shot in the right arm just below the shoulder.

The rest of the War

After a brief recovery, he returned to his Regiment on 20 October 1862. He was in action at Vicksburg and Jackson, MS, in 1863, and in the East Tennessee Campaign into 1864. He resigned for disability and was honorably discharged on 3 May 1864.

After the War

He returned to Grand Rapids for a rest, then studied dentistry in Watertown, NY for two years. He began to practice in Grand Rapids in 1866.

References & notes

Basic information from State of Michigan1. Further details from family genealogists and M.A. Leeson's History of Kent County, Michigan (1881), pp. 961-62. A photograph of him and letters about his experience in the 8th Infantry are in the Abel Bingham (his father-in-law) papers at the Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Wartime letters to his wife and other family papers are at the Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan. Thanks to Steve Maczuga for publishing the 8th Michigan information in his excellent database.

More on the Web

See a photo of him much later in life accompanying a bio sketch transcribed on MI GenWeb.

Birth

05/15/1823; Ithaca, NY

Death

1902 Grand Rapids, MI; burial in Fulton Street Cemetery, Grand Rapids, MI

Notes

1   State of Michigan, Office of the Adjutant General, and George H. Brown, Adjutant General; George H. Turner, Asst. AG, compiler, Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War, 1861-1865, 46 volumes, Kalamazoo: Ihling Bros. & Everard, 1904-1915, Vol. 8  [AotW citation 10721]