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L.H. Steiner

L.H. Steiner

Federal (USA)

Lewis Henry Steiner

(1827 - 1892)

Home State: Maryland

Education: Marshall (Pa) College, U Penn Medical School, Class of 1849

Command Billet: US Sanitary Commission

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: Army of the Potomac

Before Antietam

After graduating from medical school in 1849, he practiced in his native Frederick and at Baltimore. He was professor of chemistry, pharmacy, and natural history at Columbian College and the National Medical College, both in Washington DC, and lectured at St. James (Md) College, the Maryland Institute, and the Maryland College of Pharmacy during the 1850s.1 By 1860 he was living in Baltimore and a practicing physician.2

At the start of the war he joined the U. S. Sanitary Commission, and was soon chief inspector with the Army of the Potomac. Immediately before the Maryland Campaign he was at the battlefield of 2nd Bull Run following the combat there.3

On the Campaign

He returned to Frederick from Washington DC on 5 September, immediately ahead of the Confederate Army, and reported on the character and conduct of that army and the response of the citizenry there. 3

The rest of the War

He continued his service with the Commission through the War.1

After the War

He was elected to his first term as Senator in the Maryland Sate legislature in 1871, and was twice re-elected, serving until 1884.4 He was later assistant editor of The American Medical Monthly and librarian of the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore.1

References & notes

Photograph above from Maryland in the Civil War5, possibly from the collection of the Maryland Historical Society.


05/04/1827; Frederick, MD




1   Fiske, John, and James Grant Wilson, editors, Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, 6 vols., New York City: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889, Vol. 5, pp. 661-662  [AotW citation 418]

2   Wood, John W., compiler, Wood's Baltimore City Directory, 1860, Baltimore: J.W. Wood, 1860, pg. 366  [AotW citation 419]

3   His report and diary for this period are also available online (pdf) from Edinborough Press.
Steiner, Dr. Lewis, Report containing a Diary kept during the Rebel Occupation of Frederick, Md., etc., New York: Anson D. F. Randolph, 1862  [AotW citation 420]

4   Maryland State Archives, and Dr. Edward C. Papenfuse, State Archivist, and staff, Maryland State Archives, Published c. 2002, first accessed 01 January 2002, <>, Source page: /msa/speccol/sc2600/sc2685/index/html/senndxs.html  [AotW citation 421]

5   Cottom, Robert I., Jr., and Mary Ellen Hayward, Maryland in the Civil War: A House Divided, Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1994, pg. 96  [AotW citation 605]