(c. 1836 - 1899)
Home State: Pennsylvania
Branch of Service: Infantry
A 25 year old puddler (ironworker) in Pottsville, he enlisted in Philadelphia on 27 August 1861 and mustered into service as Private, Company D, 69th Pennsylvania Infantry on 31 October at Camp Observation, MD.
On the Campaign
He was wounded on the left side of his head by a saber cut at Antietam on 17 September (or possibly on South Mountain on 14 September) 1862.
The rest of the War
He was treated at a field hospital near the battlefield and admitted to US Army General Hospital (USA GH) #5 in Frederick, MD on 4 October. When he arrived there he was in a stupor and could not talk. His consciousness and speech slowly returned and he was transferred to USA GH#1 on 2 January 1863. He went through several operations in March and April to remove damaged and dead pieces of his skull, after which his wound healed over but his mental capacity was diminished and he suffered from hemiplegia - paralysis on one side of his body. He was discharged for wounds on 5 June 1863 and sent home with a pension of $8 per month.
After the War
He was examined again in September 1867 and was still paralyzed on one side, and that was thought to be permanent. He lived in Bloomsberg and later Danville, PA, where he became an American citizen on 14 September 1868.
References & notes
Service information from Bates1 and the Card File.2 Wound and hospital details from the Patient List 3 and the MSHWR,4 which says he was wounded on South Mountain. His gravesite is on Findagrave, source also of personal details above, probably from research by Hayes Knorr.
He married the widow Sarah M. Arewine Sessler (1844-1926) and they raised her son and 3 more children of their own.
c. 1836; County Antrim, IRELAND
11/07/1899; burial in Odd Fellows Cemetery, Danville, PA
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman, History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: State of Pennsylvania, 1868-1871 [AotW citation 11650]
2 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Adjutant-General, Pennsylvania Civil War Veterans' Card File, 1861-1866, Published <2005, first accessed 01 July 2005, <http://www.digitalarchives.state.pa.us/archive.asp?view=ArchiveIndexes&ArchiveID=17> [AotW citation 23294]
3 National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <http://www.civilwarmed.org/explore/primary-sources/databases/frederickpatient/>, Source page: patient #702 [AotW citation 23295]
4 Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 1, pg. 21 [AotW citation 23296]