Charles Russell Lowell(1835 - 1864)
Home State: Massachusetts
Command Billet: Staff Officer
Branch of Service: Cavalry
Unit: Army of the Potomac
Before the Antietam Campaign:
Of a prominent Massachusetts line, he was Valedictorian of his class at Harvard, traveled overseas and ran an ironworks before the War. He obtained a commission as Captain in the 3rd US Cavalry on 14 May 1861 (to 6th Cav in August). On the Peninsula Campaign he commanded a squadron made up of Companies E and K, seeing action at WIlliamsburg and "Slatersville" before being assigned to General McClellan's staff in July 1862. He remained in that post as aide-de-camp until McClellan was relieved of command in November.
In the Antietam Campaign:
At Antietam he carried orders to and was in action with Sedgwick's Division of the Second Corps in the disastrous combat in the West Woods on 17 September. " ...Meeting a portion of Sedgwick's division broken and retreating under the heavy fire, he threw his whole powers to rally it ... His horse was shot twice, his scabbard cut in two, and the overcoat on the saddle spoiled by a piercing bullet, but he came out unhurt." Afterward, he wrote his mother:
HEADQUARTERS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,
The remainder of the War:
Over the winter of 1862-63 he returned to Boston and helped raise the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry, of which he was appointed Colonel in May 1863. He and his troopers served around Washington DC--active in opposition to Mosby and other raiders--into early 1864. By then, Colonel Lowell was commanding a cavalry Brigade. They joined the Army of the Potomac in the field beginning with the Wilderness Campaign May 1864.
In July he was in the Valley with Sheridan and fought there into the Autumn. In September he commanded the Reserve (Cavalry) Brigade of US and State regiments. He was mortally wounded in action at Cedar Creek and promoted Brigadier General on the same day (though he did not know of it), dying the next day.
|Birth Date: 01/02/1835 Place of Birth: Boston, MA |
College: Harvard Graduating Year: 1854
Death Date: 10/20/1864 Death Place: near Cedar Creek, VA Burial Place: Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA
1 Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903 [AotW citation 817]
2 Emerson, Edward Waldo, Life and Letters of Charles Russell Lowell, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1907 [AotW citation 818]
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