(1822 - 1885)
Home State: New York
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1845;Class Rank: 32
Command Billet: Inspector-General, AoP
Branch of Service: Staff
Unit: Army of the Potomac
An 1845 graduate of West Point, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the Second US Dragoons. He saw service in Texas and in the war with Mexico - where he was cited by brevets for bravery at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. He was an instructor at the Academy (1850-1855), but otherwise spent the pre-War years in service in the West. He was promoted to Captain in the First US Cavalry in 1855, and Major in January 1861.
At the outbreak of the Civil War he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd US Cavalry and assigned to Washington and New York on administrative duties. He was further promoted to Colonel in the Staff corps and assigned as Inspector General to Major General McClellan in October. In December he was appointed Inspector General of the Army of the Potomac, and served as such to January 1863.
The rest of the War
After Fredericksburg, he led the Office of the IG in Washington and was on Boards to create the Invalid Corps and retire officers (to April 1864). He then was in Inspector duty in the Western Theater til War's end.
After the War
He continued in service as an inspector general with tours in the West (to Sept 1866), in the Departments of Tennessee, the Cumberland, Division of the Atlantic, Washington DC and Missouri (to 1881). He was then appointed Brigadier General and Inspector General of the Army. He served in that post until his death in March 1885.
References & notes
More on the Web
For more detail, see also a bio post on behind AotW.
04/14/1822; Cape Vincent, NY
03/08/1885 Washington, DC; burial in Cape Vincent, NY