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H. Baxter
H. Baxter

Federal (USV)

Lieutenant Colonel

Henry Baxter

(1821 - 1873)
Home State: Michigan
Command Billet: Regimental Officer
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 7th Michigan Infantry


Before the Antietam Campaign:
A resident of Jonesville since age 10, he had sought gold in California (1849-52) and been a miller. He enrolled in what became Company C of the Seventh Infantry as it was organized on 19 June 1861, and was commissioned Captain on 19 August. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment on 22 May 1862.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He was wounded in action on 17 September in the West Woods.

The remainder of the War:
He was at Fredericksburg, commanding the amphibious assault there on 11 December, and was again wounded. He was commissioned Brigadier General of Volunteers on 12 March 1863, and saw action in Brigade command at Gettysburg and around Richmond into 1864. He was wounded for a third time in action in the Wilderness that summer. He was honorably discharged 24 August 1865.

After the War:
He was Register of Deeds in Jonesville, then appointed Minister to Honduras (1869-72).

References, Sources, and other notes:
Biographical and service details from Wagner1, with dates from the Descriptive Roll, Seventh Michigan Volunteers2. The photograph used here is part of one from a glass-plate negative at the Library of Congress3.

Birth Date: 09/08/1821    Place of Birth: Sidney Plains, NY    
Death Date: 12/30/1873    Death Place: Jonesville, MI    Burial Place: Jonesville Cemetery, Jonesville, MI


1   Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue, Lives of the Union Commanders, Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1964, pp. 25-26  [AotW citation 1090]

2   State of Michigan, Library and Archives, Seeking Michigan, Published 2008, first accessed 28 February 2010, <http://seekingmichigan.org/>, Source page: /u?/p4006coll3,1020  [AotW citation 1091]

3   US Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Online Catalog, Published c 1998, first accessed 01 January 2000, <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/>, Source page: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpb.07321  [AotW citation 1092]

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