Josiah Marshall Favill(1840 - 1913)
Home State: New York
Command Billet: Regimental Adjutant
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 57th New York Infantry
Before the Antietam Campaign:
He came to New York with his family at age 3. By April 1861 he was a student in Jersey City, NJ, and he enlisted for 3 months as Private in Company C, 71st New York State Militia. He served with them, including in action at First Bull Run, until muster-out on 30 July. He recruited troops and enrolled in the 57th New York Infantry on 21 September 1861, mustering into Company A as 2nd Lieutenant on 12 November 1861. He was promoted to First Lieutenant and Adjutant on 7 March 1862.
In the Antietam Campaign:
About 9 o'clock [on September 17] our division was ordered to follow French, now commanding the Third division across the river, and promptly fell in, marched around the base of the hill into the valley, and crossed at a shallow ford, Caldwell and Meagher in front. We filed off to the left along the stream, and lay down, while Meagher's brigade supported by Caldwell moved forward to the attack up the hill directly in front. As they approached the summit, they were met by a severe musketry fire, and were shelled by many guns from different directions. The first thing I noticed was General Meagher slip from his horse, and some of the men carrying him to the rear. His brigade, however, marched forward to the crest in beautiful style, but were unable to make further progress. They remained standing in line of battle, loading and firing as fast as they could, their men falling in the ranks every second, and we could see them gradually melting away. Just then Captain Norvell, of General Richardson's staff, came along, and ordered us forward to relieve them. The order to fall in was given and with nervous force, teeth firmly set and without a word spoken, we marched steadily forward. As we approached the Irish brigade, it opened files and we passed through, immediately coming under a terrific fire of musketry, and artillery. Caldwell, in the meantime, had gone in on our left and gained considerable ground, reaching the crest of the hill. The enemy were in plain sight a very short distance below, and the Fifty-seventh and Sixty-sixth were ordered to charge, which they did, in a most gallant manner, led by Colonel Parisen on horseback. Down the slope, over a sunken road strewn with dead and dying, and into a cornfield pell mell we went, driving the flying rebels before us in splendid shape, bayoneting all who did not promptly surrender. We finally reached a house, since known to be the Piper house, and came under a converging fire or rebel artillery and so were ordered back again, and to the left, taking a position on the slope of the hill overlooking the cornfield. Here the regiment became scattered, and it was some time before it was gotten together under the severe artillery fire.
The remainder of the War:
He was reassigned as First Lieutenant of Company H on 14 April 1863 and was assigned to General Zook's staff as Acting Assistant Adjutant General (AAAG) until the General was killed on 3 July at Gettysburg, when he was appointed Judge Advocate for the First Division (Caldwell's), 2nd Corps. He was made Captain of Company A on 14 November 1863. He was on sick leave and then court martial duty in Washington DC into December 1863. He transferred to Company F on 30 June 1864 and mustered out with them on 11 August 1864. He was honored by brevets to Colonel, US Volunteers and Major, NY Volunteers in March 1865.
After the War:
Living in Brooklyn, he was successful in the transportation business in the Produce Exchange in New York City.
References, Sources, and other notes:
Basic service information from the Roster1. Further details, the quote above, and the photo here from his Diary2. Life dates from family genealogists and his obituary in the New York Tribune of 23 April 1913 posted online by Sue Greenhagen.
More on the Web:
New York University awards the Josiah Marshall Favell Prize annually; Favell had endowed that prize in his will.
|Birth Date: 08/08/1840 Place of Birth: Boston, Lincolnshire, ENGLAND |
Death Date: 04/21/1913 Death Place: Brooklyn, NY Burial Place: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY
1 US War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (OR), 128 vols., Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1880-1901, Issue 26 (for the year 1900), pg. 40 [AotW citation 13230]
2 Favill, Josiah Marshall, The Diary of a Young Officer, Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company, 1909, flyleaf; pp. 11, 32-34, 186-188 [AotW citation 13231]
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