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A.B. Cain

A.B. Cain

Federal (USA)


Avery Billings Cain

(1840 - 1879)

Home State: Vermont

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 4th United States Infantry

Before Antietam

From Vermont, he was commissioned 2nd then First Lieutenant, Company G, 4th US Infantry in August 1861. Present at Yorktown, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Manassas, and Antietam.

The rest of the War

On recruiting duty December 1862. In action at Chancellorsville, and brevetted Captain for that action. Promoted to Captain in October 1863. In action at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, VA. Honored by brevet to Major on 24 May 1864 for action on the North Anna River, VA. With his regiment to the end of the War.

After the War

District Provost Marshal in Richmond, 1865. He served on the Canadian border, New York harbor and in the West. He commanded Company D, 4th Infantry on Crook's expedition against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the summer of 1876. He was stationed in Chicago during the riots of 1877.

References & notes

Basic information from Powell1 and Heitman2. Details from Henry Perry Smith & William S. Rann's History of Rutland County, Vermont (1886). His photograph from a fuzzy one of unknown provenance posted by Phil Wayne on Findagrave. He married Anna Cooper, daughter of US Senator (1849-55) James Cooper of Pennsylvania, October 31, 1867. He left no children. Originally buried at Ft. Laramie, but later returned to Rutland, VT.


02/18/1840; Rutland, VT


03/16/1879 Fort Laramie, WY; burial in Evergreen Cemetery, Rutland, VT


1   Powell, William Henry, A History of the Organization and Movements of the Fourth Regiment of Infantry, United States Army, Washington, DC: McGill and Witherow, Printers and Stereotypers, 1871, pp. 88 - 202  [AotW citation 13656]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 273  [AotW citation 13668]