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A.B. Cain
A.B. Cain

Federal (USA)


Avery Billings Cain

(1840 - 1879)
Home State: Vermont
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 4th United States Infantry


Before the Antietam Campaign:
From Vermont, he was commissioned 2nd then First Lieutenant, Company G, 4th US Infantry in August 1861. Present at Yorktown, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Manassas, and Antietam.

The remainder of the War:
On recruiting duty December 1862. In action at Chancellorsville, and brevetted Captain for that action. Promoted to Captain in October 1863. In action at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, VA. Honored by brevet to Major on 24 May 1864 for action on the North Anna River, VA. With his regiment to the end of the War.

After the War:
District Provost Marshal in Richmond, 1865. He served on the Canadian border, New York harbor and in the West. He commanded Company D, 4th Infantry on Crook's expedition against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the summer of 1876. He was stationed in Chicago during the riots of 1877.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Basic information from Powell1 and Heitman2. Details from Henry Perry Smith & William S. Rann's History of Rutland County, Vermont (1886). His photograph from a fuzzy one of unknown provenance posted by Phil Wayne on Findagrave. He married Anna Cooper, daughter of US Senator (1849-55) James Cooper of Pennsylvania, October 31, 1867. He left no children. Originally buried at Ft. Laramie, but later returned to Rutland, VT.

Birth Date: 02/18/1840    Place of Birth: Rutland, VT    
Death Date: 03/16/1879    Death Place: Fort Laramie, WY    Burial Place: Evergreen Cemetery, Rutland, VT


1   Powell, William Henry, A History of the Organization and Movements of the Fourth Regiment of Infantry, United States Army, Washington, DC: McGill and Witherow, Printers and Stereotypers, 1871, pp. 88 - 202  [AotW citation 13656]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 273  [AotW citation 13668]

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