(1831 - 1881)
Home State: New York
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1861
Command Billet: Chief of Artillery
Branch of Service: Artillery
He graduated from the USMA in 1861, and was commissioned 2nd Lt. in the 4th US Artillery. He was 1st Lt. and ADC to Gen. Tyler at Blackburn's Ford, and saw action at First Bull Run (wounded), on the Peninsula campaign, and at the Seven Days.
On the Campaign
As Captain, USA, he commanded the Artillery Brigade in the First Division of the Sixth (VI) Army Corps.
The rest of the War
In October 1862 he was appointed Colonel of the 121st New York Regiment, and led them at Fredericksburg. He commanded the 2nd Brigade/1st Division/VI Corps at Gettysburg, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania (wounded), and Cold Harbor. In May 1864 he was appointed BGen. of Volunteers and commanded the 1st Division/VI Corps in the Shenandoah campaign and at Opequon (wounded). He later commanded the 4th Cavalry Division under Wilson in Alabama and Georgia.
After the War
He continued in Army service in the infantry, was Commandant of Cadets at West Point, and was an author.
References & notes
Considered to have performed superbly in the three branches of the army especially at the Bloody Angle at Spotsylvania. He died by his own hand in 1881 possibly as a result of severe migraines.