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J.E. Harrison
J.E. Harrison

Federal (USA)


James E. Harrison

(1829 - 1867)
Home State: District Of Columbia
Command Billet: Company Officer
Branch of Service: Cavalry
Unit: 5th United States Cavalry


Before the Antietam Campaign:
He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the recently organized 2nd US Cavalry on 27 June 1856, and was sent to join them in Texas. He was at Camp Cooper, Fort Belknap, Fort Auchita, and in the field "scouting Indians" to December 1860. He had commanded his Company in May and December 1858. He was on detached service at Carlisle Barracks, PA in early 1860. At the start of the War, he returned East from Texas with his Regiment and was promoted to First Lieutenant in April (to date from 27 February) 1861 and Captain in May. The Second became the 5th Cavalry on the reorganization of 3 August 1861. He was in action on the Peninsular Campaign, and was honored by brevet to Major on 27 May 1862 for his actions at Hanover Courthouse, VA.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He received a second brevet, to Lieutenant Colonel for Antietam.

The remainder of the War:
He was in command of the Regiment as senior Captain present by May 1863, and led them on Stoneman's Raid and on the Gettysburg Campaign. He was in Portland, ME to the end of 1863, then at Headquarters, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. He was Acting Inspector General, Department of Arkansas, then Inspector of Cavalry, West Mississippi to January 1865.

After the War:
He continued in Regular Army service, commanding Company B of the 5th Cavalry, at Regimental HQ in Washington, DC and on detached service in the Middle Division of the Mississippi. He died of Bright's Disease in Washington at age 36.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Service information from Heitman1 and Henry2. Details from The United States Army and Navy Journal and Gazette of 8 June 1867 and family genealogists. His photograph from one of unknown provenance posted by Don Caughey. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

Birth Date: 04/17/1829    Birth State: VA    
Death Date: 11/04/1867    Death Place: Washington, DC    Burial Place: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, DC


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 505  [AotW citation 14682]

2   Henry, Guy Vernor, Military Record of Civilian Appointments in the United States Army, 2 Volumes, New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1873, Vol. 1, pg. 157  [AotW citation 14683]

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