Orlando Bolivar Willcox(1823 - 1907)
Home State: Michigan
Command Billet: Commanding Division
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 1st Division, IX Corps
see his Battle Report
Before the Antietam Campaign:
He graduated from the USMA in 1847, was in the Mexican war, served in New Mexico, Massachusetts, and Florida, and resigned in 1857. He then was a lawyer. In May 1861 he was appointed Colonel of the 1st Michigan Regiment. He commanded the 2nd Brigade/3rd Division at First Bull Run, where he was wounded, won the Medal of Honor, and was captured. He was released in August 1862 and appointed BGen. of Volunteers (to rank from June 1861).
In the Antietam Campaign:
He commanded the First Division of the Ninth (IX) Army Corps.
The remainder of the War:
He was in command of the IX Corps at Fredericksburg, served in Kentucky, commanded the 3rd Division/IX Corps at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, and led the 1st Division/IX Corps at Petersburg.
After the War:
He was a lawyer, and continued Army service from 1866. He commanded the Department of Arizona, fought in the Apache wars, and retired in 1887. He was later governor of Washington's Soldiers' Home.
References, Sources, and other notes:
Photo from a set at the National Archives (NARA) posted online by Michael Robert Patterson1.
College: US Military Academy, West Point, NY Graduating Year: 1847
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