(1839 - 1930)
Home State: Alabama
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 1st Texas Infantry
He mustered as Private in Company D, First Texas Infantry on 6 June 1861 in New Orleans. He was promoted to 5th Sergeant in March 1862.
On the Campaign
He was wounded by gunshot in the left groin in action and captured at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
He was treated at a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD from 15 October to 8 November, when he was sent on to Baltimore. He was exchanged and returned to duty, date not known. He was again captured, at Gettysburg, PA on 5 July 1863 and detailed to stay with the wounded at Cashtown, PA. By September he was a prisoner at Point Lookout, MD, where he served as Sergeant of the cookhouse. He was exchanged 25 December 1863 with no further record.
After the War
He had a large and prosperous farm in Etowah County, AL where he'd lived since "a very young man". He was active in Confederate reunions, a member of the Emma Sansom Camp, UCV, in Gadsen.
References & notes
Service information from Davis1 and Simpson,2 who have him as W.A.T. Oliver. Wound and hospital details from the Patient List,3 as A.T. Oliver. His duty at Point Lookout from an interview about conditions there he and other prisoners had with General Benjamin Butler on 23 December 1863 (in a report from Butler to Secretary of War Stanton on 27 December 1863). His gravesite is on Findagrave, source also of post-war details from his obituary in the Gadsen Times of 7 October 1930.
He was one of seven Olivers who served in Company D of the First Texas.
11/16/1839; Lowndesville, SC
10/07/1930 Etowah County, AL; burial in Forrest Cemetery, Gadsden, AL
1 Davis, Rev. Nicholas A., The Campaign from Texas to Maryland, Houston: Telegraph Book and Job Establishment, 1863, Pg. 142 [AotW citation 1456]
2 Simpson, Harold Brown, Hood's Texas Brigade: a Compendium, Hillsboro: Hill Junior College Press, 1977, pg. 36 [AotW citation 20886]
3 National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <http://www.civilwarmed.org/explore/primary-sources/databases/frederickpatient/>, Source page: patient #1.087 [AotW citation 20897]