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Confederate (CSV)

Captain

James Bradford Atwell

(1831 - 1862)

Home State: North Carolina

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 20th North Carolina Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

From Cabarrus County, he was commissioned Captain, Company B, 20th North Carolina Infantry on 18 April 1861. He was wounded in the neck in action at Gaines' Mill, VA on 27 June 1862. He returned to his Company just before the Maryland Campaign.

On the Campaign

He deployed with his Company as skirmishers at Fox's Gap on 14 September to disable a section of Federal guns and kill their commander (Lt. George L. Crome). He was mortally wounded in the face three days later in action at Sharpsburg.

The rest of the War

He was taken to a hospital in the Rentch home on German Street in Shepherdstown, VA. His father came to visit him there, but shortly after he arrived, James' wound reopened and hemorrhaged and he died on 12 October 1862. In his after-action Report, General Hill wrote:

Capt. James B. Atwell, Twentieth North Carolina, deserves to live in the memory of his countrymen for almost unsurpassed gallantry. After having greatly distinguished himself in the capture of the Yankee battery at South Mountain, he fell, heroically fighting, at Sharpsburg.

References & notes

Basic service data from Moore.1 Details from the after-action Report of Colonel McRae and Kevin R. Pawlak's Shepherdstown in the Civil War: One Vast Confederate Hospital (2015), citing the Shepherdstown Register. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

Birth

1831; Rowan County, NC

Death

10/12/1862 Shepherdstown, VA; burial in Poplar Tent Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Concord, NC

Notes

1   Moore, John Wheeler (compiler), and State of North Carolina, Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States, 4 volumes, Raleigh: Ashe & Gatling, State Printers and Publishers, 1882, Vol. 2, pg. 147  [AotW citation 17536]