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R. Dawes
R. Dawes

Federal (USV)


Rufus R. Dawes

(1838 - 1899)
Home State: Ohio
Command Billet: Regimental officer
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 6th Wisconsin Infantry


Before the Antietam Campaign:
Rufus Dawes graduated from Marietta College in 1860. In 1861, at the start of the War, he was 22 years old and organized a volunteer unit from Mauston (Wisconsin) - where he was working - called the Lemonweir Minute Men. Dawes was elected Captain of that company, which later became Company K of the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, attached to the First Corps of the Union Army. The regiment left Wisconsin and arrived in Washington D.C. on 28 July 1861. For the first year of the war, Dawes remained in Washington and saw no major action.

In June 1862 he was promoted Major, and was first in combat at Second Bull Run.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He succeeded the wounded Lieutenant Colonel Bragg in command of the regiment on 17 September.

The remainder of the War:
He was in action later at Fredericksburg in December, Chancellorsville (May y1863), Gettysburg (July), the Battle of the Wilderness (1864), and the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond.

In March 1863 he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel. At Gettysburg in July he captured 230 men of the 2nd Mississippi Regiment.

After the War:
Dawes was mustered out of the army on 10 August 1864 after serving at Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor. He was honored by brevet rank of Brigadier General of Volunteers in March 1865.

He was in the wholesale lumber business in Marietta, Ohio, and was elected (Republican) to the US House of Representatives (1881-83), but lost a reelection attempt. He continued in the lumber business in Marietta for the remainder of his life.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Basic biography from the US Congress1. The photograph here from Uriguen2 (original source not known).

More on the Web:
His memoirs - Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers (1890) - are online from the Internet Archives.

Birth Date: 07/04/1838    Place of Birth: Malta, OH    
College: Marietta College (OH)    Graduating Year: 1860    
Death Date: 08/02/1899    Death Place: Marietta, OH    Burial Place: Oak Grove Cemetery, Marietta, OH


1   US Congress, Congressional Biographical Directory, Published c. 2000, first accessed 01 January 2002, <http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp>, Source page: /scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=D000149  [AotW citation 1069]

2   Uriguen, Mikel, Photo Gallery (Generals and Brevet Generals), Generals of the Civil War, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 1998, <http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/>  [AotW citation 1070]

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