(1836 - 1863)
Home State: Pennsylvania
Branch of Service: Infantry
A 24 year old laborer in Columbia County, he enlisted in Bloomsburg on 22 April 1861 and mustered into United States service for three years as a Private in Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves on 27 July 1861 in Washington, DC. He was 6 feet, 2 inches tall with light complexion, gray eyes, and brown hair.
On the Campaign
He was mortally wounded by a gunshot to his left leg, his tibia (lower leg bone) broken, in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
He was treated at the Stone House (on the Samuel Poffenberger farm) and Hoffman Farm field hospitals near the battlefield, then admitted to US Army General Hospital (GH) #5 in Frederick, MD on 30 September. He had occasional surgery to remove pieces of bone, surgeons removed a lead fragment on 15 October, and he was doing well in November, but by 5 December he worsened and his lower leg was amputated. He was transferred to GH#6 in Frederick on 29 December, and a second amputation, at the thigh, was required on 15 January 1863. He seemed to be recovering, but a sinus - a pocket of infection - grew in his stump up to his hip, and in late March his health rapidly failed. He died at 4 o'clock in the afternoon of 31 March 1863.
He was originally buried in Frederick but was reinterred in the new Antietam National Cemetery in about 1867.
References & notes
08/01/1836; Union County, PA
03/31/1863 Frederick, MD; burial in Antietam National Cemetery, Sharpsburg, MD
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman, History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: State of Pennsylvania, 1868-1871 [AotW citation 22744]
2 Sypher, Josiah Rhinehart, History of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, Lancaster, PA: Elias Barr and Company, 1865, pg. 623 [AotW citation 22745]
3 National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <http://www.civilwarmed.org/explore/primary-sources/databases/frederickpatient/>, Source page: patient #661, 461 [AotW citation 22746]
4 Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 290 [AotW citation 22748]
5 Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 3, pg. 540 [AotW citation 22747]