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Confederate (CSV)

Private

James Harris

"Jim"

(c. 1832 - 1874)

Home State: South Carolina

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 12th South Carolina Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

About age 27, a member of the Catawba Tribe in the York District, he enlisted as Private, Company H, 12th South Carolina Infantry in December 1861. He served, along with his brother John, as a Company cook prior to the Maryland Campaign.

On the Campaign

He was slightly wounded in the foot in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was wounded again, at Ream's Station, VA in 1864 and was captured at Charlotte, NC on 16 May 1865 and paroled there.

After the War

He returned to York County and may have served for some period as Chief of the Catawba Tribe, but died in 1874 at about age 42.

References & notes

His service from the Rolls,1 as Jim Harris (Indian). His Sharpsburg wound from a casualty list in the Yorkville Enquirer of 8 October 1862. His capture at Charlotte from Kirkland.2 Further details from Laurence M. Hauptman's Between Two Fires (1995), Speck & Schaffer's paper Catawba Kinship and Social Organization (1942, pdf), and Timothy Fenlon's master's thesis A Struggle for Survival and Recognition: the Catawba Nation, 1840-1860 (2007, pdf). His burial place and death date from York County Genealogy Society's The Quarterly for March & June 1990.

More on the Web

His name is among those of 17 (of the 19 known) Catawbas who fought in the Confederate Army on a memorial erected in a small park in Fort Mill, SC in 1900 [online from the HMDB].

For additional information, you can find selected parts of Ian Watson's Catawba Indian Genealogy (1995) online from Google Books.

The population of the Catawba tribe in South Carolina in 1860 was 55 persons; there were 60 at the 1890 US Census.

In addition to his brother John, two other Catawbas wounded in Maryland were Privates William Canty/Cantey and Jefferson Ayers of the 17th South Carolina Infantry.

Birth

c. 1832; York District, SC

Death

05/23/1874 Catawba Reservation, Rock Hill, SC; burial in Catawba Indian Reservation Cemetery, York County, SC

Notes

1   Thomas, John P., and and previous SC Historians of the Confederate Records, Confederate Rolls of South Carolina, Columbia: Historian of Confederate Records, 1898, Roll of Company H, 12th Reg't Inf, South Carolina Vols.  [AotW citation 24404]

2   Kirkland, Jr., Randolph W., Dark Hours: South Carolina Soldiers, Sailors and Citizens who Were Held in Federal Prisons during the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865, Charleston: South Carolina Historical Society, 2002, pg. 202  [AotW citation 24405]