(1822 - 1897)
Home State: Massachusetts
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1846;Class Rank: 13/59
Command Billet: Division Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 1st Division, IV Corps
He graduated from the USMA in 1846 (13th of 59) with Army service in the Mexican and Seminole wars. Noted naturalist and later manufacturer. In June 1861 made Col. of the 7th Massachusetts Regiment. In May 1861 appointed BGen and commanded 1st Division of the IV Corps in Peninsula and Seven Days campaigns. Promoted to MGen in July 62.
On the Campaign
In command of the 1st Division/Fourth (IV) Corps but was on something of a wild goose chase toward and back from Harpers Ferry all day on September 17th. His division was not engaged at Antietam.
The rest of the War
He commanded Second (II) Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville and then applied for relief of duty. He commanded PA militia in the Gettysburg campaign and led the 2nd Division/XXIII Corps during the Nashville and Carolinas campaigns.
After the War
Post War Career: Politician.