(c. 1838 - 1863)
Home State: Texas
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 5th Texas Infantry
He enlisted as Private in Company H, 5th Texas Infantry, date not given. He was assigned to scouting duty in November 1861, and was known for particularly vicious fighting, to the extent that a bounty of $4000 was put on his head by Federals by early 1862. On 28 August 1862, on the 2nd Manassas Campaign, he had been given a Federal prisoner to escort to the rear, but instead shot him, at Thoroughfare Gap, VA.
On the Campaign
He was wounded in action on 17 September 1862 at Sharpsburg. From General Hood's Report:
I would be wrong in not acknowledging the valuable services rendered during the several engagements, in transmitting orders, of the following couriers of this command: M. M. Templeman, T. W. C. Lake, J.P. Mahoney, James Malone, W. E. Duncan, J. A. Mann, W. J. Barbee, W. G. Jesse, J. I. Haggerty, and J. H. Drake.
The rest of the War
He was killed in action in a skirmish at Thoroughfare Gap, VA on 1 May 1863.
References & notes
Basic information from Polley.1 The story of his shooting a prisoner from Robert Campbell's 1869 memoir published in Lone Star Confederate: A Gallant and Good Soldier of the 5th Texas Infantry (2003, George Skoch, ed.). Campbell was in Company A, 5th Texas Infantry. Details about Templeman's reputation, and the bounty, from Susannah J. Ural's Hood's Texas Brigade: The Soldiers and Families ... (2017), citing a soldier's 1862 letter and another post-War memoir, published in the Crocket (TX) Courier (1897). His birth information from the 1850 US Census for Saltlick Township, Perry County, OH.
c. 1838 in OH
05/01/1863 Thoroughfare Gap, VA