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A. F. Devereux

A. F. Devereux

Federal (USA)

Lieutenant Colonel

Arthur Forrester Devereux

(1838 - 1906)

Home State: Massachusetts

Education: Harvard College, USMA

Command Billet: Regimental Lt Colonel

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 19th Massachusetts Infantry

Before Antietam

After studying at Harvard and the US Military Academy, he was in business in Chicago by 1854 with partner Elmer Ellsworth and was also Adjutant of an Illinois National Guard battalion. He became an expert in the new Zouave infantry drill, and taught Ellsworth's Chicago (later United States) Zouave Cadets.

He returned to Massachusetts, was a bookkeeper in Salem, and was appointed Captain of the Salem Light Infantry (Milita - his father's old unit) by 1859, which he then trained as an elite Zouave unit. Initially Company A of the 7th Regiment, they became Company J (Salem Zouaves), of the 3-month 8th Massachusetts Infantry which mustered for Federal service in May 1861. He was their Captain until August 1861, when he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry.

On the Campaign

He was in command of the regiment after Colonel Hinks fell wounded at Antietam on 17 September 1862, but was himself wounded and passed command to the senior Captain, H.G.O. Weymouth, who wrote the after-action report.

The rest of the War

He returned to duty and was promoted to Colonel on 1 May 1863 and was in command of the regiment at Gettysburg (July 1863). He resigned from the service 27 February 1864 to "establish himself in business." He was honored by brevet to Brigadier General of Volunteers for gallant war service on 13 March 1865.

After the War

He lived in Boston and New York, was a government engineer, then moved West. He was Governor of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Marion (IN) Branch and moved to Cincinnati, OH in 1878. He was a newspaperman and editor, and was elected to the Ohio State legislature.

References & notes

Service information from Heitman1 and Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines.2 Details from George W. Nason's History and Complete Roster of the Massachusetts Regiments, Minute Men of '61 (1910). His gravesite is on Findagrave.

Birth

04/27/1838; Salem, MA

Death

02/14/1906 Cincinnati, OH; burial in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH

Notes

1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 370  [AotW citation 21172]

2   Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 2, pg. 411  [AotW citation 21173]