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Federal (USA)


Henry J Stainrook

(? - 1863)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Command Billet: Brigade Commander

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps

Before Antietam

Early in December, 1861, recruiting for the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry regiment was commenced, under the direction of Henry J. Stainrook, a citizen of Chester county. Headquarters and barracks were established on Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, opposite the State House, and with the exception of two companies, the regiment was recruited in that city. It was organized with the following field officers, their commissions dating from November 8th, 1861:

* Henry J. Stainrook, Colonel
* Charles I. Harris, Lieutenant Colonel
* William A. Gray, Major
Col Statinrook led the Regiment with Banks Corps in the Valley Campaign, and with Pope in N. Virginia, Summer 1862.
About 1 September, at Alexandria, VA, Stainrook was named Brigade Commander.

On the Campaign

Col Stainrook led his Brigade (less the 109th PA, on duty guarding the supply trains) as part of the 12th Corps attack to the West Woods mid-morning on the 17th.

The rest of the War

The Twelfth Corps was part of General Hooker's force that took part in the initial flanking movement of Chancellorsville in late May 1863. During the fighting on May 3, Colonel Henry J. Stainrook was killed and the (109th Pa) regiment was thrown into confusion. A Regimental History describes it ...

Until noon of the 3d the men hugged the breast-works, kept in nervous excitement in the momentary expectation of an attack, the fire of artillery and of the sharp-shooters being constant. At a little past noon the enemy began to press upon the left flank, endangering the integrity of the command, pressing at the same time upon the front. The order was accordingly given to retire, but at that instant a rebel sharp-shooter, not twenty paces distant, shot and instantly killed Colonel Stainrook. Lieutenant Kidney, of Company G, who had witnessed the act, seizing a musket and skilfully awaiting his opportunity, sent a bullet in reply which effectually silenced the sharp-shooter's fire.

References & notes

See Pennsylvania in the Civil War for more on the 109th PA.