(1815 - 1890)
Home State: New York
Command Billet: Brigade Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
see his Battle Report
Before the war he made a fortune as an Importer, and was active in the New York State Militia from 1834, rising to be Colonel of 27th Regiment in 1849. In April 1861 he raised and was appointed Colonel of the 5th New York ("Duryee's Zouaves") Regiment with which he saw action at Big Bethel. In August 1861 he was appointed BGen. of Volunteers, initially on instruction duty, then in command of the 1st Brigade/2nd Division/III Corps at Second Bull Run, where he was wounded. He commanded the 1st Brigade/2nd Division/I Corps at South Mountain.
On the Campaign
He led the 1st Brigade/2nd Division/I Corps and was again wounded in the early morning fighting in the Cornfield. For a time at Antietam he was in command of the Division when General Ricketts relieved General Hooker at Corps.
The rest of the War
He resigned his commision in January 1863 reportedly because he had been replaced in Brigade command during a absence after Antietam and could not return to that post. He turned down additional offers of NY commands later in the War.
After the War
He was NY City Police commissioner and dockmaster.
References & notes
More on the Web
See an excellent rendition of Harpers front page for Saturday, June 8, 1861, featuring a large illustration of Duryee and his Zouves from Paul at sonofthesouth.net
9/27/1890 New York, NY
1 Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue, Lives of the Union Commanders, Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1964 [AotW citation 85]
2 Fiske, John, and James Grant Wilson, editors, Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, 6 vols., New York City: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889, Vol. 2, pp. 273-274 [AotW citation 86]