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Person
J.I. Curtin
J.I. Curtin

Federal (USV)

Lieutenant Colonel

John Irvin Curtin

(1837 - 1911)
Home State: Pennsylvania
Command Billet: Commanding Regiment
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 45th Pennsylvania Infantry

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Before the Antietam Campaign:
He was educated at Dickinson Seminary at WIlliamsport, Pennsylvania, and was among
the corps of engineers which located the Bald Eagle Valley Railroad, and when the war opened, volunteered in the Bellefonte Fencibles, which became part of the Tenth regiment, sent first to defend the bridges on the line of railway leading to Washington, and subsequently to Patterson in the Shenandoah Valley. At the close of the three months' term, he recruited a company, of which he was made Captain, for the Forty-fifth, a veteran regiment.
(from Bates' Martial Deeds)
He was promoted to Major on 30 July 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel of the Regiment on 4 September. John was half-brother of Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He was in command of the regiment in the absence of Colonel Welsh, who was commanding Brigade on the Maryland Campaign. Curtin was slightly wounded in the elbow-- which 'disabled' his arm-- on 14 September in action at Turner's Gap, but remained with his unit.

The remainder of the War:
He was appointed Colonel of the 45th in April 1863 on Colonel Welsh's promotion, and led the regiment for the War's duration. He had brigade command in the IX Corps in late 1863 near Chattanooga and in early 1864 around Petersburg, where he was seriously wounded in the shoulder on 17 June 1864. He returned to his brigade in August.

He was honored by brevet to Brigadier General in October 1864, briefly held Division command, and mustered out with his unit on 17 July 1865.

After the War:
Immediately after the war he ventured to develop land for coal and oil in Kentucky, but returned to Pennsylvania in 1867. He was there in the lumber business in Clinton County.

He made an address at the dedication of the Regiment's monument at Antietam on 17 September 1904.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Service basics from the Regimental History1 and further detail from Bates.2 The photograph above is from one posted online by Uriguen.3

Birth Date: 06/17/1837    Place of Birth: Curtin, PA    
College: Dickinson Seminary    
Death Date: 01/01/1911    Death Place: Bellefonte, PA    



Notes

1   Comrades, and Allen D. Albert, Editor, History of the Forty-fifth Regiment, Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865, Williamsport (Pa): Grit Pub. Co., 1912, pg. 423  [AotW citation 689]

2   Bates, Samuel Penniman, Martial Deeds Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia: T. H. Davis & Co., 1876  [AotW citation 690]

3   Uriguen, Mikel, Photo Gallery (Generals and Brevet Generals), Generals of the Civil War, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 1998, <http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/>, Source page: /bc/bc1.htm  [AotW citation 693]



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