Richard Stoddert Ewell"Baldy"
(1817 - 1872)
Home State: Virginia
Command Billet: CO, Division (convalesing)
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Ewell's Division
Before the Antietam Campaign:
He graduated from the USMA in 1840, served in the Mexican War, and resigned his commision in May 1861. He was made LCol. of Virginia forces, and staff Colonel in the Confederate Army. In June 1861 he was commissioned BGen., and commanded the 2nd Brigade at First Manassas. In January 1862 he was promoted to MGen., and then commanded Ewell's Division in Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, at the Seven Days, and at Second Manassas (lost a leg at Groveton).
In the Antietam Campaign:
Ewell is included here only for information, he was not present at the battle. He had lost a leg in the fighting at Groveton (2nd Manassas) and was still recovering in September 1862. His division was commanded in his absence by BGen Alexander R. Lawton (who was wounded in the battle), then BGen Jubal A. Early.
The remainder of the War:
In May 1863 he was appointed LGen. in command of the Second (II) Corps and fought at Gettysburg the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. He retired due to poor health but was in the Richmond defences and at Sayler's Creek (captured).
After the War:
Post War Career: Farmer.
References, Sources, and other notes:
Note: There is some considerable controversy about his not taking Cemetery Hill (at Gettysburg) on July 1, 1863. The suggestion is that had Jackson been there instead of Ewell, things would/may have been different. One of the classic "what-if" scenarios of Civil War studies.
|Place of Birth: Washington, DC |
College: US Military Academy, West Point, NY Graduating Year: 1840
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