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Person
L. Fairchild
L. Fairchild

Federal (USV)

Colonel

Lucius Fairchild

(1831 - 1896)
Home State: Wisconsin
Command Billet: Commanding Regiment
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 2nd Wisconsin Infantry

see his Battle Report

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Before the Antietam Campaign:
A former '49er, he was a court clerk and militia officer before the War. In April 1861 he enlisted as Private in Company K of the 1st Wisconsin Regiment for 3 months service, was promoted to Captain, and fought at Falling Waters. He was commissioned Captain in the 16th US Infantry on 5 August 1861, but took leave to take a commission in the Volunteer service. He was appointed Major of the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry on 9 August and Lieutenant Colonel on 20 August 1861. He was promoted to Colonel on 30 August 1862 after Colonel O'Conner was killed at Gainsville, VA.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He was in command of the 2nd Wisconsin Regiment part of the famous Fourth ("Black Hat") Brigade (later known as the "Iron Brigade") of the First Division/First (I) Corps at Antietam.

The remainder of the War:
He led his Regiment at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, where he was wounded - losing his left arm - and captured. In October 1863 he was appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers, but he resigned in November 1863 to become Secretary of State of Wisconsin.

After the War:
He was Governor of Wisconsin (3 terms) and held consular and diplomatic posts. John Singer Sargent painted his portrait in 1887 while Fairchild was national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR).

References, Sources, and other notes:
Service detail from the Roster1. His photograph from one in the collection of the Wisconsin Historical Society.

More on the Web:
See an interesting sketch about the Colonel and his wife at the Wisconsin Electric Reader, a nice, brief biographical sketch from Virtuology, and - a real treat - a searchable database of letters from a very young Fairchild from the Gold fields of California 1849 - 55.

Birth Date: 12/27/1831    Place of Birth: Franklin Mill, Ohio    
College: Carroll College (WI)    
Death Date: 5/23/1896    Death Place: Madison, Wisconsin    Burial Place: Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Wisconsin



Notes

1   State of Wisconsin, Adjutant General's Office, and Chandler P. Chapman, Adj. Gen., Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865, 2 volumes, Madison: Democrat Printing Co., State Printers, 1886, Vol. 1, pg. 345  [AotW citation 10109]



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