(1820 - 1864)
Home State: Massachusetts
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1845
Command Billet: Commanding Regiment
Branch of Service: Infantry
After graduating from West Point in 1845 he served as 2nd Lieutenant on the frontier in the First and 4th US Infantry, then in the War with Mexico (1847-48), where he received a brevet for bravery in action. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, 4th US Infantry on 1 January 1848 and to Captain on 22 June 1854. He served at forts in Michigan, New York, Washington, Oregon and California into 1862.
By then age 41, from New York City, he enrolled 31 January and was commissioned and mustered as Colonel, 7th Massachusetts Infantry on 1 February 1862. He was honored by another brevet, to Lieutenant Colonel, USA on 1 July 1862 for his actions in the Peninsular Campaign and promoted to Major in the Regular Army (8th US Infantry) on 9 August 1862.
On the Campaign
He commanded the regiment in Maryland.
The rest of the War
He was commissioned Brigadier General, US Volunteers to date from 29 November 1862 and given command of a Brigade in the 6th Army Corps. He was brevetted again, to Colonel, USA to date from 1 July 1863 for gallantry at Gettysburg and to Brigadier General, USA, for the Wilderness. By May 1864 he commanded a Division of the Corps, but he was killed in action at Opeqon, near Winchester, VA on 19 September 1864, and given one final brevet, to Major General, for his actions there.
References & notes
12/10/1820; Salem, NY
09/19/1864 Opequon, VA; burial in Evergreen Cemetery, Salem, NY
1 Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 1, pg. 470 [AotW citation 21323]
2 Cullum, George Washington, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the US Military Academy, 2nd Edition, 3 vols., New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1868-79, Vol. 2, pg. 246 [AotW citation 21324]