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Person
S. M. Baily
S. M. Baily

Federal (USV)

Major

Silas Milton Baily

(1836 - 1900)
Home State: Pennsylvania
Command Billet: Commanding Regiment
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 8th Pennsylvania Reserves

see his Battle Report

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Before the Antietam Campaign:
He had established himself in business as a jeweler at Waynesburg, Pennsylvania before the War. He helped raise a company of infantry on the first call for troops in the Spring of 1861, and was elected their Captain.

He mustered into service 20 June 1861 as Captain, Company I, 8th Pennsylvania Reserves. He was promoted to Major of the regiment on 4 June 1862, replacing J. B. Gardner, who had resigned.

In the Antietam Campaign:
"At the battle of Gaines' Mill [27 June 1862], he was severely wounded in the face, and was carried, insensible, to Washington for medical treatment. When the Army of the Potomac entered upon the Maryland campaign, Major Baily, though pronounced by his surgeon to be unfit for service, determined to join his command. He overtook the division in camp near the Monocacy, and being the ranking officer, took command of the regiment, which he led with such distinguished gallantry, both at South Mountain and at Antietam, that he was promoted to the colonelcy as a reward for his meritorious conduct on the field of battle."
(from Sypher)

The remainder of the War:
He was wounded again in action at Fredericksburg in December 1861, and promoted to Colonel on 1 March 1863. He was with the regiment until he mustered out with it on 24 May 1864.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Sources: Bates, Samuel P., History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: 1868-1871, extracted online at Pennsylvania in the Civil War by Alice J. Gayley;
Sypher, J.R., History of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, Chapter X, Lancaster, PA: Elias Barr and Co., 1865 - transcribed and posted online on the "Bucktails" reenactor website; and
The Fayette County Death Register - transcribed and posted to RootsWeb online by Donna Clark.

Birth Date: 1/4/1836    Place of Birth: Brownsville, Fayette County, PA    
Death Date: 5/5/1900    Death Place: (prob. Uniontown) Fayette County, PA    Burial Place: Oak Grove Cemetery, Uniontown, PA

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