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Confederate (CSV)

Captain

John L. Litchfield

(c. 1835 - 1862)

Home State: South Carolina

Education: The Citadel Academy, Class of 1859

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 7th South Carolina Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

A Citadel graduate who trained as a lawyer, he was a 24 year old farmer in Conwayboro, Horry Distict when he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Company L, 7th South Carolina Infantry on 26 June 1861. He was promoted to First Lieutenant at the reorganization of 13 May 1862 and made Captain the next day when Captain White was appointed Major.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded in action on Maryland Heights, MD near Harpers Ferry on 13 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was found on the battlefield (perhaps as late as 15 September) by a local man who took him to the home of his brother, a Dr. Stonebreaker (or Stonebraker). He died there of his wounds on 16 September 1862. He was originally buried "In Dr. E Butler's graveyard" and probably reinterred at Hagerstown in about 1874.

After the War

His sister Rachel Ann Litchfield Gore (1833-1914) received his sword and other "relics" of him - including a "Confederate gray hat with a bullet hole through the crown" - in March 1896.

References & notes

Burial information from Pruett1, which has him as Captain Litchfield, 8th South Carolina Infantry. His service from the Roll,2 which says he was killed outright on Maryland Heights, and Swain.3 Further details from the centennial Catalog of The Citadel (1942) and a news clipping from the Wilmington, NC Weekly Star of 27 March 1896.

His brother George was promoted to Captain of Company L at Sharpsburg on 18 September 1862.

Birth

c. 1835

Death

09/16/1862 Washington County, MD; burial in Washington Confederate Cemetery, Hagerstown, MD

Notes

1   Pruett, Samuel, and Poffenberger & Good, Greg Farino and Western Maryland Regional Library (WMRL), Washington Confederate Cemetery, possible burials, Hagerstown (MD): WHILBR, 2010  [AotW citation 4469]

2   Thomas, John P., and and previous SC Historians of the Confederate Records, Confederate Rolls of South Carolina, Columbia: Historian of Confederate Records, 1898, Roll of Company L, 7th Reg't Inf, South Carolina Vols.  [AotW citation 24182]

3   Swain, Sr., Glen Allan, The Bloody 7th, Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 2014, pg. 563  [AotW citation 24564]