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S. Garland
S. Garland

Confederate (CSA)

Brigadier General

Samuel Garland Jr.

(1830 - 1862)
Home State: Virginia
Command Billet: Brigade Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Garland's Brigade


Before the Antietam Campaign:
A former student at Randolph Macon College, he was a graduate of VMI (1849) and the University of Virginia Law School (1851). He was a lawyer in practice with his father, and an instructor in constitutional law at Lynchburg College before the War. After John Brown's 1859 raid on Harpers Ferry he organized and was elected Captain of the Lynchburg Home Guard militia.

In April 1861 he and his company became part of the 11th Virginia Regiment. He was made Colonel, serving in command at First Manassas, Dranesville, and Willliamsburg, were he was wounded, but remained on the field. In May 1862 he was appointed Brigadier General and commanded Garland's Brigade of D. H. Hill's Division at Seven Pines, the Seven Days, and in the Second Manassas campaign.

In the Antietam Campaign:
In command of Garland's Brigade/D. H. Hill's Division, he was killed while leading his Brigade in the defense of Fox's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862.

After the War:
A monument to him was dedicated at Fox's Gap, Maryland on 11 September 1993.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Source: Summary biography from the VMI Archives online, who also host a fine painted portrait.

More on the Web:
See the photograph from which the above image is taken, along with Garland's 1861 commission as Colonel in the Virginia Volunteer Forces from an exhibit at the VMI Archives.

Birth Date: 12/16/1830    Place of Birth: Lynchburg, VA    
College: Virginia Military Institute, University of Virginia (Law)    Graduating Year: 1849    Class Rank: 3/24
Death Date: 09/14/1862    Death Place: Fox's Gap, MD    Burial Place: Presbyterian Cemetery, Lynchburg, VA

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