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Person
A. P. Martin
A. P. Martin

Federal (USV)

Captain

Augustus Pearl Martin

(1835 - 1902)
Home State: Massachusetts
Command Billet: Battery Commander
Branch of Service: Artillery
Unit: Massachusetts Light Artillery, Battery C

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Before the Antietam Campaign:
A lieutenant in the pre-War battery, he served as the sergeant in the Boston Light Artillery for three months in 1861. He was appointed First Lieutenant in the Third battery (Battery C) on 5 September 1861 when it was formed, and to Captain on 28 November when Capt. Follett resigned. They were in action on the Peninsular Campaign of 1862.

In the Antietam Campaign:
Martin and his battery saw no action, being present but held in reserve at Antietam. They deployed and supported operations at Shepherdstown Ford on 20 September.

The remainder of the War:
He was in action with the battery again at Fredericksburg (Dec 1862) and Chancellorsville (May 1863). He was promoted to Chief of Artillery of the Fifth Corps in June - at the outset of the Gettysburg Campaign - being relieved by First Lieutenant A.F. Walcott in command of the battery. He led the Fifth Corps Artillery Brigade at Gettysburg. He was wounded in the neck by a sharpshooter while in command of the Division Artillery at Laurel Hill on the Wilderness Campaign on 4 May 1864.

After the War:
He served in the post War militia, being aide to the Governor, and as commander of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company [history](1878), and was active in MOLLUS. He was elected mayor of Boston in 1884 and served one term.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Life dates and burial location from the Political Graveyard1, with military history from Parker.2 His photograph is from Generals and Brevets3 (now offline).

Birth Date: 11/23/1835    Place of Birth: Abbot, ME    
Death Date: 03/12/1902    Death Place: Dorcester, MA    Burial Place: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA



Notes

1   Kestenbaum, Lawrence, The Political Graveyard, Published 1996, first accessed 01 January 1999, <http://politicalgraveyard.com/>, Source page: /bio/martin1.html#RNH02F1PY  [AotW citation 1102]

2   Parker, John Lord, and Robert G. Carter, Henry Wilson's Regiment: History of the Twenty-second Massachusetts Infantry, Boston: Regimental Association, 1887  [AotW citation 1103]

3   Uriguen, Mikel, Photo Gallery (Generals and Brevet Generals), Generals of the Civil War, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 1998, <http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/>  [AotW citation 1104]



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