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Confederate (CSA)


Dixon Barnes

(? - 1862)

Home State: South Carolina

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 12th South Carolina Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

Company I of the 12th South Carolina was raised by Dixon Barnes at Lancaster County Court House. The regiment formed in July 1861 and trained in Lightwood Knot Springs, about 5 miles north of Columbia. R. C. M. Dunnovant was elected Colonel, Dixon Barnes Lieutenant Colonel and Cadwallader Jones major. Barnes was promoted Colonel when Col Dunnovant resigned on May 1862.

On the Campaign

"Courtly, white haired Colonel Dixon Barnes had been put under arrest by Jackson for allowing his hungry men to take apples from a tree against orders, and Gregg [his brigade commander] felt he could not release him from the arrest. Pale and stern faced, [A. P.] Hill said 'General Gregg, I order you to give Colonel Barnes his sword and put him in command of his Regiment." Barnes was thus placed back in command of the 12th South Carolina. Barnes had been willing to serve in the ranks rather than miss the fight. Someone noted that Hill was wrong to do restore Barnes to command over Jackson's head, but 'the case would stir the heart of a rock.' Dixon Barnes was mortally wounded at the head of his regiment at Sharpsburg and died two day's later, a hero."
(from Robertson)

Col Barnes was hit in the third, and finally successful charge of his regiment late on the 17th at the far right of the Confederate line, near the town of Sharpsburg.

More on the Web

The quote above is from Robertson, James I., A.P. Hill: Story of a Confederate Warrior, Random House, 1987, extracted online at Jenny Goellnitz's beautiful AP Hill site.


9/19/1862 Winchester, VA