Basic information from Moore1. Promoted 2nd Lieutenant on 17 September 1862.
1 Moore, John Wheeler (compiler), and State of North Carolina, Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States, 4 volumes, Raleigh: Ashe & Gatling, State Printers and Publishers, 1882, Vol. 1, pp. 109 - 111 [AotW citation 6158]