Basic information from Moore1. Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant 18 July 1863.
1 Moore, John Wheeler (compiler), and State of North Carolina, Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States, 4 volumes, Raleigh: Ashe & Gatling, State Printers and Publishers, 1882, Vol. 3, pp. 363 - 370 [AotW citation 6442]