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T. J. Jackson
T. J. Jackson

Confederate (CSA)

Major General

Thomas Jonathan Jackson

(1824 - 1863)
Home State: Virginia
Command Billet: Wing (Corps) Commander
Branch of Service: Artillery
Unit: Jackson's Command

see his Battle Report


Before the Antietam Campaign:
Graduated USMA 1842, served with distinction in the Mexican War, and resigned from the US Army in 1851. He was then a professor at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI). In 1861 he was a Major in the Virginia militia, then Colonel of the Confederate infantry (at Harpers Ferry). In June 1861 he was appointed BGen. and commanded the 1st Brigade in the Army of the Shenandoah at First Manassas. It was there that he earned his "Stonewall" nickname for standing firm under tremendous attack (his Brigade thereafter was also known as Stonewall). In October 1861 he was promoted to MGen. and conducted his brilliant Shenandoah Valley campaign. He was also at the Seven Days, where he is considered to have fought poorly at times, probably due to exhaustion. He commanded the Confederate Left Wing at Second Manassas.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He led Jackson's Command in the Harpers Ferry and Sharpsburg campaign. For further details about his activities you might also like to see Jackson's Official Report about the campaign.

The remainder of the War:
In October 1862 he was appointed LGen. and commanded the Second (II) Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He was shot by his own troops when returning from a scouting foray on the evening after his great triumph at Chancellorsville, and died near there on May 10, 1863.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Notes: He was a great commander and is the subject of continued speculation as to how the Confederacy might have fared had he not been killed.
Thanks to Ricky Tresize for catching us up with some biographical details.

More on the Web:
See an excellent presentation of Jackson fact and lore from the VMI Archives.

Birth Date: 01/21/1824    Place of Birth: Clarksburg, VA    
College: US Military Academy, West Point, NY    Graduating Year: 1842    
Death Date: 05/10/1863    Death Place: Guinea Station, VA    Burial Place: Lexington, VA

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