(1831 - 1881)
Home State: South Carolina
Education: Harvard, Class of 1854
Command Billet: Commanding Regiment
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Hampton (SC) Legion
see his Battle Report
He practiced law in Edgefield, SC, and was elected to the state House of Representatives in 1860. After secession he joined Hampton"s Legion, beginning as an infantry Captain. He served until the war"s end, participating in every major engagement in which the Legion fought.
At First Manassas the command of the legion devolved upon him after Colonel Hampton was wounded, Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson killed and Captain Conner disabled. At the reorganization in 1862 he was elected Lieutenant-Colonel of the infantry of the legion, a battalion of eight companies, and after it was filled to a regiment, he was promoted Colonel.
The rest of the War
By May 1864 he had attained the rank of Brigadier General and took command of a cavalry brigade in the defense of Richmond. At Appomattox, he refused to surrender. With some two hundred members of his command, he escaped and joined Jefferson Davis and his cabinet at Greensboro, North Carolina. Gary escorted the party as far as his mother"s home in Cokesbury, where he turned over his command and ended his career as a Confederate soldier.
After the War
He resumed his law practice in Edgefield, began cotton planting, and undertook a series of business and speculative ventures. He was also active in politics.
References & notes
Additional Source: Confederate Military History, Vol. 5
More on the Web
3/25/1831; Cokesbury, SC
4/9/1881 Edgefield, SC; burial in Tabernacle Cemetery, near Cokesbury, SC