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R.A. Hardaway
R.A. Hardaway

Confederate (CSA)


Robert Archelaus Hardaway

(1829 - 1899)
Home State: Alabama
Command Billet: Battery Commander
Branch of Service: Artillery
Unit: Hardaway's (AL) Battery


Before the Antietam Campaign:
He served with the U.S. Army in Mexico (1847-48) as Lieutenant and Adjutant of the Alabama Battalion of Foot, was superintendent of the Mobile and Girard Railroad, and an Alabama planter. He enrolled as Captain of his battery in early June 1861. He was ordered to Lynchburg, VA on 12 June, left Russell County, AL on 15 June, transported by rail via Knoxville, TN, reached Lynchburg on the 20th, and mustered into service for the war on 21 June 1861. He and his battery were in action on the Peninsula in 1862.

In the Antietam Campaign:
He was in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September and Shepherdstown on the 19th.

The remainder of the War:
He was promoted to Major on 3 December 1862, and commanded an Artillery Battalion. He was in action from Fredericksburg through the siege of Petersburg in late 1864. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 27 February 1864. He was wounded in the Wilderness, VA, and was relieved of active service briefly in May 1864. He was back with his battalion by Cold Harbor, and served to the end of the War.

After the War:
He was an engineering professor at Auburn University (1873-1881), and at the University of Alabama (1882-1897), and an engineer for the Central Railroad in Mexico (1881- 1882).

References, Sources, and other notes:
Basic information from State of Alabama1. His picture taken from an etching (after a photograph) in Wise2, also source of additional service information. Bio details from notes accompanying Hardaway's Recollections, written 1870-1897, in the collection of the Library of the U of NC, Chapel Hill, cataloged online, and Turner family genealogy pages. Hardaway's wife's name was Rebecca Hurt. Hardaway's successor in command of the battery was (then) Lt William B Hurt.

Birth Date: 2/2/1829    Place of Birth: Madison, GA    
College: Emory College (GA)    
Death Date: 4/27/1899    Death Place: Columbus, GA    Burial Place: Linwood Cemetery, Columbus, GA


1   State of Alabama, Dept. of Archives & History, Alabama Civil War Service Database, Published 2004, first accessed 01 January 2010, <http://www.archives.state.al.us/civilwar/index.cfm>, Source page: various  [AotW citation 15712]

2   Wise, Jennings Cropper, The Long Arm of Lee; or, The History of the Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia ..., 2 Vols., Lynchburg: JP Bell Company, 1915, Vol. 2, pp. 640, 786, 794  [AotW citation 15713]

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