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J. Longstreet
J. Longstreet

Confederate (CSA)

Major General

James Longstreet

"Old Pete"
(1821 - 1904)
Home State: South Carolina
Command Billet: Army Wing (Corps) Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Longstreet's Command

see his Battle Report


Before the Antietam Campaign:
He graduated from the USMA in 1842, and served on Indian campaigns and in the Mexican War. He resigned his US commission in June 1861, and was appointed Brigadier General, CSA. He was at First Manassas, and in October 1861 was promoted to MGen. He commanded his division at Williamsburg, Seven Pines, the Seven Days, and at Second Manassas.

In the Antietam Campaign:
Commanded Longstreet's Command (Corps). For further details you might also like to see Longstreet's Official Report about the campaign.

The remainder of the War:
In October 1862 he was appointed Lieutenant General in command of the First (I) Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia (ANV), and led it at Fredericksburg, on the Suffolk campaign, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Knoxville, and the Wilderness (where he was wounded). After his recovery he was in the defense of Richmond and at Appomattox.

After the War:
He was variously a "cotton broker and insurance agent, Surveyor of Customs for the Port of New Orleans, President of the New Orleans and Great Northern Railroad, Adjutant General of the Louisiana State Militia, U. S. Marshall for the state of Georgia, Postmaster of Gainesville, GA (where he owned and operated the Piedmont Hotel)", and Minister to Turkey. Finally, "he was U. S. Commissioner of Railroads, the post he held when he died." He once declined an offer to be a lottery supervisor. (from S. Rosenvold)

References, Sources, and other notes:
Thanks to Susan Rosenvold of the Longstreet Society for straightening us out on the details of his post-War life. The Society's site is a very fine place to learn considerably more about the General.

More on the Web:
Another fine site dedicated to 'everything Longstreet' is the Longstreet Chronicles by Brian Hampton. For two other detailed biographies see also the Longstreet Biography at Shotgun's Civil War page.

Birth Date: 1/8/1821    Place of Birth: Edgefield District, SC    
College: US Military Academy, West Point, NY    Graduating Year: 1842    
Death Date: 1/2/1904    Death Place: Gainsville, GA    Burial Place: Gainsville, GA

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