(1834 - 1905)
Home State: Georgia
Education: Jefferson Medical College (Phila.), Class of 1857
Command Billet: Battery Commander
Branch of Service: Artillery
Unit: Troup (GA) Artillery
He attended Franklin College (now Univ. of GA) for two year (1852-4); read medicine with his brother Joseph Barnett Carlton, graduated from medical school in 1857, and practiced with Joseph as partner til the War in 1861.
He was appointed 1st Lt. of the Troup Artillery April 24, 1861, and elected Captain when the Battery (and all other Army of Northern Virginia units) was re-organized in April 1862.
On the Campaign
He wa in command of the battery, by then somewhat shorthanded, at Sharpsburg.
The rest of the War
He was wounded in action at Gettysburg on 3 July 1863 and returned to the battery about 3 April 1864, but was again wounded, this time at near Cold Harbor on 31 May 1864. He was offered positions as Major in the Artillery, Colonel of Cavalry and Asst. Surgeon of the division, but decided instead to remain Captain of the Troup Artillery. He disbanded with the company 9 April 1865 near Lynchburg, VA.
After the War
He resumed his medical practice until 1872. He went into state politics, studied law and was admitted to bar in 1881, then practiced in Athens, GA. He operated a newspaper, and served on the first Georgia Board of Health. He was U.S. Representative from Georgia 8th District, 1887-91.
In 1898 he volunteered for duty in the Spanish-American War, and an Inspector General a the rank of Major. He served in Puerto Rico by the end of the War.
References & notes
Source: roster and research posted online by William S Smedlund (beautifully documented from military records, local sources, and correspondence).
His brother Benjamin Richard Carlton (b. 1839), was also in the Battery, serving as a Private, was shot through the heart at Sharpsburg and died there.
5/12/1834; Athens, GA
10/26/1905 Athens, GA; burial in Oconee Hill Cem., Athens, GA