Thomas Leonard Livermore(1844 - 1918)
Home State: New Hampshire
Command Billet: Company Officer
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 5th New Hampshire Infantry
Before the Antietam Campaign:
Livermore was born in Illinois and raised in Milford, New Hampshire. Immediately before the war he was studying at Lombard in Galesburg, Illinois. At the outbreak, he traveled to Washington, possibly seeking an appointment to West Point. Instead, he enlisted as Private on 24 June 1861 (age 18) in Company F, 1st New Hampshire Infantry. He mustered out 9 August back in Concord, then signed up in Company K of the 5th NH Infantry. He was promoted Sergeant 12 October and 2nd Lieutenant 5 April1862. He was wounded in action on 30 June on the Peninsula.
In the Antietam Campaign:
He remembered his Regiment's part in the fight in Caldwell's Brigade of Richardson's Division -
On looking about me I found that we were in an old sunken road and that the bed of it lay from one to three feet below the surface of the crest along which it ran. In this road there lay so many dead rebels that there formed a line which one might have walked on as far as I could see, many of whom had been killed by the most horrible wounds of shot and shell and they lay just as they had been killed apparently amid the blood which was soaking the earth. It was on this ghastly flooring that we kneeled for the last struggle.
The remainder of the War:
He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on 14 December, and Captain on 3 March 1863.
He transferred to the 18th New Hampshire and was made Major of that Regiment 28 October 1864. Soon after he served in several staff assignments including chief of the ambulance corps, and acting assistant inspector-general of the Second Army Corps under Major-General Humphries. On 17 January 1865 he was appointed Colonel, though his appointment was voided because the unit was too small to authorize a Colonel's billet. In April he was successfully re-appointed Colonel, and mustered out with the Regiment at that rank 23 June 1865 at Delaney House, Washington, DC.
Colonel Livermore is best remembered today as the post-war author of numerous historical works, notably histories of New Hampshire soldiers and units in the War. His most enduring work is Numbers and Losses.., the standard reference work for statistics about Civil War unit strengths and casualties.
|Birth Date: 02/07/1844 Place of Birth: Galena, IL |
College: Lombard University (IL)
1 Livermore, Thomas L., Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America 1861-65, Cambridge (Ma): Riverside Press of Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1901 [AotW citation 726]
2 Davis, William Thomas, Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 2 volumes, Boston: The Boston History Company, 1895, pg. 569 [AotW citation 725]
3 Woodhead, Henry, editor, Voices of the Civil War: Soldier Life, Alexandria (Va): Time-Life Books, 1996, pg. 86 [AotW citation 727]
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