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Cadet A. H. Cushing
Cadet A. H. Cushing

Federal (USA)


Alonzo Hereford Cushing

(1841 - 1863)
Home State: New York
Command Billet: Aide to General Commanding
Branch of Service: Artillery
Unit: Army of the Potomac


Before the Antietam Campaign:
After graduating from West Point in the June Class of 1861, he was commissioned 2nd and 1st Lt, 4th US Artillery. He was temporarily with Battery G, 2nd US at 1st Manassas (1861).

In the Antietam Campaign:
He was serving on Gen. McClellan's AoP staff as aide at Antietam, and accompanied II Corps Artillery to the West Woods on the 17th.

The remainder of the War:
He was killed while in command of Battery A, 4th US, at the Angle at Gettysburg - defending at "Picket's Charge" on the third day of fighting there.
While defending Cemetery Ridge from the oncoming Rebels, Cushing was shot in the arm, and then moments later, a shell fragment tore into his groin. While in great pain, Cushing stayed with his command. With those men under his command still left alive, Cushing kept the last two working guns of his battery firing. This all in the face off an enemy coming over a stonewall at a spot on the battlefield called "The Angle". As Cushing was getting set to give a command of "fire", he was struck in the mouth by a minie ball and killed instantly.
He was posthumously honored by brevet to Lieutenant Colonel, USA.

After the War:
For his actions at Gettysburg, Lieutenant Cushing was awarded the Medal of Honor on 6 November 2014.

References, Sources, and other notes:
Source: Heitman, Francis Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, Washington, US Government Printing Office, 1903.

Mr Frassanito has suggested, I think rightly, that LT Cushing is present in some Gardner photographs taken after the battle of groups of officers of the 4th Artillery.

More on the Web:
See his gravesite, from find-a-grave.

Birth Date: 1/19/1841    Place of Birth: Delafield, WI    
College: US Military Academy, West Point, NY    Graduating Year: 1861    Class Rank: 12th
Death Date: 7/3/1863    Death Place: Gettysburg, PA    Burial Place: West Point Cemetery, NY

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