4th Michigan InfantryOrganized: Adrian, MI; mustered in 06/20/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Detroit, MI 06/29/1864
|Commanding Officer: |
Col. Jonathan W. Childs
|Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:|
Tablet #33: Fifth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 2 PM to 16 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #18: Morell's Division, Fifth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 12 PM to 17 Sep, 8 AM
Tablet #26: Morell's Division, Fifth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 2 PM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of the Potomac
Corps - Fifth (V) Army Corps
Division - 1st Division, V Corps
Brigade - 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps
History of the Unit:
Formed in the southern part of the State in June 1861, the Regiment served in the defenses of Washington until Spring 1862, when they joined the Army of the Potomac on the Peninsula Campaign and at Manassas.
In the Antietam Campaign:
The Regiment was in reserve with their Division at Antietam on 17 September, but saw brief action at Shepherdstown on the 19th and 20th, as reported by their Brigade Commander, BGen Griffin:
[on the 19th ...] "The enemy occupying the opposite side of the river with artillery and sharpshooters, the Fourth Michigan Regiment was moved forward as skirmishers and to drive the enemy from the banks. Our artillery, having been massed, opened a sharp fire on the enemy's guns, causing him to abandon them. By direction of Major-General Porter, the Fourth Michigan was ordered to cross the river and take them. This duty was handsomely performed, the regiment, about 300 strong, fording the river (some 300 yards in width and 3 feet in depth) in face of the enemy's infantry fire, and forming on the opposite side, advancing and delivering its fire with such effect and determination as to cause the brigade opposing it to fall back in great confusion."
The remainder of the War:
The unit continued in service with the AoP including action at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Spottsylvania, and on to Petersburg. At expiration of their term in 1864, veterans and new recruits reconstituted the Regiment, which served in the West til the end of the War.
References, Sources, and other Notes:
Basic unit data from Dyer.1
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1 Dyer, Frederick H., A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Co., 1908 [AotW citation 509]« Search for Another Unit