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Federal Regiment

5th Maryland Infantry

Organized: Baltimore, MD; mustered in 9/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Baltimore, MD 9/1865


Commanding Officers on the Antietam Campaign:
  Maj. Leopold Blumenberg
  Capt. Captain W. W. Bamberger
  Capt. Salome Marsh


This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Second (II) Army Corps
  Division - 3rd Division, II Corps
  Brigade - 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps

Unit history

The Fifth Maryland Infantry Regiment was organized at Baltimore City, Maryland, in September, 1861, to serve three years. On the expiration of its term of service, the original members (except veterans) were mustered out and the organization, composed of veterans and recruits, retained in service until September 1, 1865, when it was mustered out of service, in accordance with orders from the War Department.

Whilst the regiment was organized at Baltimore City, a number of the companies were recruited in other sections of the State. Company A was recruited at North East, Cecil County; Company E was recruited in Frederick County and Baltimore City; Company I was recruited at Elkton, Cecil County; Companies B, C, D, F, G, H and K were recruited at Baltimore City.

The Fifth Regiment of Infantry occupied a camp at Lafayette Square, Baltimore City, from September, 1861, until March, 1862, where they were drilled, disciplined, and prepared for active service in the field.

On the 11th of March, 1862, the 5th Regiment left Baltimore for the seat of war in Virginia; on arrival at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, they were assigned to General Dix's command in the Army of the Potomac.

After the repulse of General McClellan's army on the peninsula of Virginia, and the transfer of the seat of war to Northern Virginia and Maryland, in August and September, 1862, the 5th Regiment marched with the army of the Potomac, and bore a conspicuous part in the battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862.

On the Antietam Campaign

Having been assigned to 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 3d Army Corps, at that portion of the battlefield of Antietam known as the "Bloody Lane," the 5th Regiment fought bravely and suffered severely in killed and wounded. The commanding officer for the time being, Major Leopold Blumenberg, was seriously wounded at the head of the regiment and carried to the rear, when Captain W. W. Bamberger, of Company B, assumed command of the regiment, who, in turn, was seriously wounded and taken to the rear, when the command of the regiment devolved on Capt. Salome Marsh, of Company F, who commanded the regiment during the remainder of the day. The 5th Regiment had thirty-nine men killed and one hundred and nine men wounded in the battle of Antietam.

Note: The Antietam Order of Battle found in the OR (and widely disseminated) indicates Capt Faehtz (Co. I) assumed command of the Regiment after Major Blumenberg was hit, but I believe the local source would likely be more accurate in this matter.


Initial Strength: not known; Killed in Action (KIA): 39; Wounded (WIA): 109;

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #35: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 15 Sep, 8 PM
Tablet #115: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
Tablet #40: French's Division, Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 2 PM
Tablet #121: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
Tablet #116, cont: Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #43: Weber's Brigade, French's Division - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM

After the Antietam Campaign

The 5th Regiment of Infantry remained on the upper Potomac and in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during the winter of 1862-63, and was assigned to General Milroy's Division, who were besieged at Winchester, Virginia, June 13 and 15, 1863, by the entire Confederate army of Northern Virginia. In the battles incident to the siege and the forcing of its way through the enemy's lines, the 5th Regiment, under the command of Maj. Salome Marsh, suffered terribly in killed, wounded and prisoners.

The regiment rejoined the army of the Potomac in 1864, and participated in the siege of Petersburg, June to September, 1864, and was with that part of the Army of the Potomac known as 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 18th Army Corps, and the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 24th Army Corps, that occupied Richmond, Va. (the Confederate capital), April 3, 1865.

The 5th Regiment of Infantry was mustered out of the military service of the United States at Fredericksburg, Va., September 1, 1865, and transported thence to Baltimore, Md., where the regiment disbanded.

References & Notes

Much of the text above quoted from the Maryland State Archives Volume 367, Page 179-180.

We have 169 individuals who were on the Maryland Campaign in the AotW database for this unit:


Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtAlexander, John KIA   09/17
APvtAllen, Ebenezer WIA   09/17
APvtBedwell, William J.WIA   09/17
APvtBiddle, Charles WIA   09/17
APvtBrotherton, Loftus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBrown, Edward WIA   09/17
APvtBrown, William T.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBurke, John WIA   09/17
APvtButherton, Loftus WIA   09/17
APvtCameron, William T.WIA   09/17
APvtCampbell, Jacob W.MIA   09/17
APvtColdwell, John WIA   09/17
APvtCooling, Henry S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ASgtFlintham, George L.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtFoster, Gustine WIA   09/17
APvtHarmon, Thomas WIA   09/17
APvtIrvin, Nathan WIA   09/17
APvtKarsner, George W.WIA   09/17
ACorpLayman, Philip WIA   09/17
APvtLeonard, John A.MWIA   09/17
ASgtLum, William H.WIA   09/17
ASgtMathews, George W.WIA   09/17
APvtMattix, Asa R.KIA   09/17
APvtMcClure, George W.KIA   09/17
ACorpMcCullough, Oliver KIA   09/17
APvtMoore, John G.WIA   09/17
APvtMorgan, Kruson WIA   09/17
APvtMurphy, William I.WIA   09/17
APvtRice, William D.WIA   09/17
ASgtRussum, William H.WIA   09/17
ACorpScanlan, Hugh P.WIA   09/17
APvtSimpers, John T.WIA   09/17
APvtStreeper, Benjamin K.KIA   09/17
APvtStubbins, Joseph WIA   09/17
APvtStubbins, Thomas G.WIA   09/17
ACorpSturgeon, John T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtWantee, James AWOL   09/17
APvtWest, John MWIA   09/17
APvtWilson, Asbury N.WIA   09/17
ACorpYeamans, Joseph C.WIA   09/17
BPvtBachtle, John WIA   09/17
BCaptBamberger, William W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBussick, George W.WIA   09/17
BPvtCavenaugh, Peter WIA   09/17
BPvtGibson, David WIA   09/17
BPvtGranger, Charles WIA   09/17
BPvtGrilla, Casper WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtLamden, Josiah WIA   09/17
BPvtMaguire, Joseph WIA   09/17
BPvtMcComas, John KIA   09/17
BPvtNugent, Walter WIA   09/17
CPvtAbbis, Ferdinand WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBelz, Nicholas WIA   09/17
CCorpBoehm, August WIA   09/17
CPvtGruner, John WIA   09/17
CPvtLeyhe, William WIA   09/17
CPvtPreiss, Christopher KIA   09/17
CPvtSander, Charles WIA   09/17
CPvtSteeger, Charles WIA   09/17
CPvtWarmboldt, Albert KIA   09/17
CPvtWeidlich, Amand WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtWeiss, William WIA   09/17
CSgtWienecke, Charles WIA   09/17
CPvtYeager, George WIA   09/17
DPvtChilds, George A.WIA   09/17
DPvtCross, Wornel WIA   09/17
DPvtDaley, Joseph KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtDaring, Henry WIA   09/17
DPvtDriscoll, Richard WIA   09/17
DPvtHarper, Levi A.WIA   09/17
DPvtHess, Charles POW   09/17
DPvtHouck, Wendel WIA   09/17
DPvtKenny, Martin MWIA   09/17
DPvtKing, James H.WIA   09/17
DPvtO'Neil, Henry E.WIA   09/17
DPvtPersonett, John T.WIA   09/17
DCorpRichards, John WIA   09/17
DPvtRixham, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtSanders, John WIA   09/17
DPvtSeebo, Henry WIA   09/17
DPvtShoulder, J. WIA   09/17
DPvtSmith, Edward KIA   09/17
DPvtTracey, Benjamin M.KIA   09/17
DPvtWentworth, Joseph WIA   09/17
EPvtBallaher, Thomas WIA   09/17
EPvtBallohon, Thomas WIA   09/17
EPvtBanthem, Charles W.WIA   09/17
EPvtBond, William H.WIA   09/17
EPvtBossom, James W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBurns, William M.MWIA   09/17
EPvtBushman, George W.WIA   09/17
ECorpDougherty, William WIA   09/17
ECorpEdwards, Gershaum KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtEnsey, Marshall KIA   09/17
EPvtGallagher, Thomas WIA   09/17
EPvtGissell, William G.MWIA   09/17
EPvtHarman, William H.WIA   09/17
EPvtHiser, John H.WIA   09/17
EPvtJones, Edward D.WIA   09/17
EPvtMcElhenney, John WIA   09/17
ELtMoltke, Magnus KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMorrison, Thomas WIA   09/17
EPvtParker, William KIA   09/17
EPvtPhillips, George WIA   09/17
EPvtSeymour, George         We have some details for this person
EPvtStahl, Andrew J.KIA   09/17
ECorpWalthman, Edward MWIA   09/17
FPvtAllen, Albert WIA   09/17
FPvtAllen, Phillip WIA   09/17
FPvtBell, Absalom WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtBlucher, Albert WIA   09/17
FPvtBrooks, Jesse WIA   09/17
FPvtByrnes, James MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtCarrick, William WIA   09/17
FPvtCorns, Thomas WIA   09/17
FPvtDix, Benjamin WIA   09/17
FPvtDoherty, James KIA   09/17
FCorpEdwards, Henry C.WIA   09/17
FPvtHarrison, William KIA   09/17
FPvtHilberg, John C.WIA   09/17
FPvtHinton, James WIA   09/17
FPvtHunter, William WIA   09/17
FPvtHyatt, George WIA   09/17
FPvtKnort, Michael KIA   09/17
FPvtLyddan, Patrick MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtMadden, WIlliam T.KIA   09/17
FCaptMarsh, Salome WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtMiller, Matthew KIA   09/17
FCorpMooney, John C.WIA   09/17
FCorpMyers, WIlliam WIA   09/17
FPvtNeill, Absalom WIA   09/17
FPvtOwens, James KIA   09/17
FPvtOwens, John WIA   09/17
FPvtPrice, Charles S.KIA   09/17
FPvtSullivan, Dennis WIA   09/17
FPvtSweet, Joseph WIA   09/17
FSgtWelch, Ephriam KIA   09/17
GPvtBinder, William KIA   09/17
GPvtBruder, Francis I.KIA   09/17
GSgtHarschkamp, Augustus KIA   09/17
GPvtHenris, Adolphus WIA   09/17
GPvtHoffman, Charles WIA   09/17
GPvtKohler, Berhard KIA   09/17
GSgtLanderking, Philip WIA   09/17
GPvtMerling, George J.KIA   09/17
GSgtSmith, Thomas N.WIA   09/17
GCorpTaylor, George T.WIA   09/17
HPvtBlum, Charles WIA   09/17
HPvtBremerman, Leider KIA   09/17
HPvtFarrell, Bartly WIA   09/17
HPvtGrass, Charles WIA   09/17
HSgtHoeflich, Antone WIA   09/17
HPvtKneurline, Joseph WIA   09/17
HPvtKohlman, Charles MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtPatten, George KIA   09/17
HPvtWelz, John WIA   09/17
IPvtDunbar, Amor MIA   09/17
ICaptFaehtz, Ernest F. M.        We have some details for this person
ICorpGeary, Davis WIA   09/17
IPvtMcSorly, William WIA   09/17
ICorpOatley, Robert MWIA   09/17
ILtThomas, Evan W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtWilley, Garrett WIA   09/17
KSgtBrown, Augustus WIA   09/17
KPvtBrown, John C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHubert, Anton WIA   09/17
KSgtTrautwein, Jacob WIA   09/17
F&SMajBlumenberg, Leopold WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SPvtMcCrea, William WIA   09/17


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