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Federal Regiment

8th Connecticut Infantry

Organized: Hartford, CT; mustered in Fall 1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Hartford, CT 12/12/1865

 

Commanding Officers at Antietam:
  LCol. Hiram Appelman
  Maj. John E. Ward

 

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Ninth (IX) Army Corps
  Division - 3rd Division, IX Corps
  Brigade - 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps


Unit history

In response to President Lincoln's call to the states, the regiment was one of those organized in Hartford in the fall of 1861, a few months after the war began with the firing on Fort Sumter.

Company "G" initially had nearly eighty men from Stonington, under the command of Captain Hiram Appelman of Stonington, and with Stonington lieutenants Thomas Sheffield, Henry Morgan, and Andrew Morgan.

On the Antietam Campaign

The Eighth had been sent to ford Antietam Creek at the left, or south, wing of the battlefield and at great cost won a little hill on the far side. But the other regiments left the Eighth exposed and alone in a Confederate counterattack:

Colonel Appelman [he had been promoted to regiment commander] tells the standard-bearer never to leave the colors. He responds firmly. One of the color-guard falls; two; three; four; the last, and the standard goes to the ground with him. Private Charles H. Walker [of Norwich] springs forward, and seizes it amid the storm of death; strikes the staff firmly in the ground; and shakes out the flag defiantly towards the advancing foe.
No re-inforcements come. Twenty men are falling every minute. Col. Appelman is borne to the rear. . . . Men grow frantic. The wounded prop themselves behind the rude stone fence, and hurl leaden vengeance at the foe. Even the chaplain snatches the rifle and cartridge-box of a dead man, and fights for life.
"We must fall back," says Major John E. Ward, now in command. Some protest against what they feel is inevitable; and the hundred men still unscathed are faced to the rear, and marched back in unbroken and still formidable column down the hill. No regiment of the 9th Corps has advanced so far, or held out so long, or retired in formation so good.

The cost to the regiment in this great battle that had no real victor --Lincoln is said to have exclaimed, "What will I tell the country?"--was one hundred ninety-four killed, wounded, and missing, half of its strength.

Statistics

Initial Strength: 400; Killed in Action (KIA): 34; Wounded (WIA): 139;
Losses, % of Initial Strength: 43.3%

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #56: Ninth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 16 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #122: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 10 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
Tablet #70, cont: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #65: Rodman's Division, Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #70: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #57: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #67: Harland's Brigade, Rodman's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM

After the Antietam Campaign

"In December, 1863, three hundred and ten of the original members of the Eighth re-enlisted as veterans, and in January, 1864, went to Connecticut on veteran furlough ... March 1st found the regiment returned to the field for duty."
(from 8CV, CoA)

More on the Web

See a very fine page on the history of the 8th, and a series of articles and documents specific to the unit at Antietam - both from the reenactors of Company A

References & Notes

Antietam battle drama above from a Stonington History site.

We have 79 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtBabb, Ervine WIA   09/17
ACorpBrooks, Albion D.        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
APvtEvans, Leverett Died   11/15     We have some details for this person
APvtFrost, Oswin S.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtLord, Orton L.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpMarsh, George H.KIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
APvtWadhams, Martin KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ALtWait, Martin KIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
APvtWheeler, Lucius MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ASgtWilcox, Whiting KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBowen, James M.WIA   09/17
BPvtBoyle, Robert MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtCase, Oliver CromwellKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtDixon, John A.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMann, Peter MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpBeach, Samuel WIA   09/17
CPvtCaghan, William WIA   09/17
CPvtCastle, Morton Died   10/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpElmore, Harvey E.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtKnight, William H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtNighting, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtRobinson, George W.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtRust, Cyprian H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtStrickland, Henry E.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtTillotson, Lafayette KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtWhite, Elijah KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBlumley, Edward POW   09/17
DPvtBurke, Robert W.WIA   09/17
DPvtEldredge, Nathaniel C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtEllsworth, Frederick MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtFanning, Henry OMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtFanning, Theodore MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpFarmer, W. Died   00/00     We have some details for this person
DPvtLathrop, Oliver WoodworthMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtWilson, Frederick KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBeeman, Charles WIA   09/17
ECorpBooth, George KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ELtBronson, Nelson WIA   09/17
EPvtBuell, Charles Sidney        We have some details for this person
EPvtBunnell, Wesley WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMason, Thomas KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMorse, Henry MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtNichols, Jerome MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtTaylor, Orrin KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtTuttle, John E.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtYemmons, Joseph Died   11/10     We have some details for this person
FPvtBaldwin, George WIA   09/17
FPvtBemis, Nelson A.WIA   09/17
FPvtBentley, John MWIA   00/00     We have some details for this person
FPvtCarey, Dwight KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCorpKimball, Andrew MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtLewis, Charles E.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FLtMain, Edwin G.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtNeff, Henry H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtRouse, Horace G.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtSweet, William A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtTrask, Francis KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpBarber, Leonidas WIA   09/17
GPvtBedford, Thomas WIA   09/17
GPvtCasey, Thomas WIA   09/17
GCorpHewitt, Oscar WinslowKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtBirch, George J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpFerriss, Robert BruceKIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
ILtHall, Henry C        We have some details for this person
ICorpLake, David KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICaptRoberts, William Jay        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
KPvtAllen, Lewis WIA   09/17
KCorpAllen, Lyman D.WIA   09/17
KPvtBurr, Henry C.WIA   09/17
KPvtCamsell, George WIA   09/17
KPvtDagle, George V.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtDoolittle, John K.MWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
KPvtFinkin, Henry KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpLewis, William G.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtRichards, Alonzo I.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtRichmond, Willis B.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpSimons, John H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SLColAppelman, Hiram WIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SMajWard, John Edward        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person

 

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