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Unit

Federal Battery

Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Independent Battery D

"Durell's Battery"
Organized: Doylestown, PA; mustered in 9/24/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out on 6/13/1865
Commanding Officer:
  Capt. George W. Durell
Arms:
  6   10-pdr. Parrott

Maps Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #9: Burnside Attacks the Lower Bridge
   Detail Map #11: Burnside Climbs Toward Sharpsburg
   Detail Map #12: AP Hill Hits Burnside's Flank

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #56: Ninth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 16 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #58: Sturgis' Division, Ninth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #122: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 10 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
   Tablet #70, cont: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #70: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #57: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM

This Battery's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Ninth (IX) Army Corps
  Division - 2nd Division, IX Corps
  Brigade - 2nd Division, IX Corps Artillery



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In the Antietam Campaign:
"At three P. M., on the 13th [September, 1862] we went into position, near the top of South Mountain. We were very successful in this engagement, had good ammunition, twice silenced and drove off a rebel battery, and harassed the rebel infantry as they advanced on our troops on the right of our position, firing from our six guns about two hundred and fifty rounds. The next day, we moved after the enemy, toward Antietam. On the morning of the 17th, we were shelled out of camp at daylight, and immediately went into position, and opened fire in reply. At nine A. M., we were ordered to the rear of Stone Bridge, No. 3, nearly opposite Sharpsburg, and just before General Hartranft took the bridge, our centre section moved near to the bridge, and followed closely the General's infantry across. This section was soon after joined by the rest of the battery, and the whole went into position at a point about nine hundred yards from the rebel guns opposed to us, which we engaged whenever they opened, at short intervals, for upwards of two hours, and only retired when we got out of projectiles, and were ordered back, the general commanding us, not deeming it advisable to allow our caissons to cross the bridge to bring up a supply of ammunition. This was the most desperate engagement, I think, and at shortest range, which our battery was in. Our loss was two men dangerously wounded; several of our horses dropped down in their harness from exhaustion, and had to be left on the field."
(from Lt Samuel H. Rhoads, 1864, later Captain in place of Capt Durell, quoted in Bates)

References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.

We have 3 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
--PvtAnderson, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--CaptDurell, George W.        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
--PvtSherwood, John C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person

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