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Unit

Federal Battery

Kentucky Light Artillery, Simmonds' Battery

Organized: Pendleton, OH; mustered in June 3, 1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Louisville, KY 7/10/1865
Commanding Officer:
  Capt. Seth J. Simmonds
Statistics for Maryland Campaign
  Initial Strength: 98

Arms:
  2   20-pdr. Parrott
  3   10-pdr. Parrott
  1   12-pdr. howitzer
iron tubed version, probably Confederate, captured in West Virginia


Map Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #9: Burnside Attacks the Lower Bridge

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #56: Ninth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 16 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #59: Kanawha Division, Ninth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #60: Crook's Brigade, Kanawha Division - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #62: Willcox's Division, Ninth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 18 Sep, 6 PM
   Tablet #122: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 10 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
   Tablet #99: Willcox's Division, Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 2 PM to 18 Sep, 9 AM
   Tablet #70, cont: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #70: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #57: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM

This Battery's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Ninth (IX) Army Corps
  Division - Kanawha Division, IX Corps
  Brigade - 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, IX Corps



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History of the Unit:
"This battery was organized as Company E of the 1st Ky. Infantry, at Camp Clay, Ohio, in 1861, and detached as artillery October 31, 1861, by the Secretary of War at the insistence of Gen. Rosecrans then commanding in Western Virginia. It was mustered into the United States service (as Company E, in the 1st Ky. Infantry), on the 3d day of June, 1861, by Maj. S. Burbank, 1st US Infantry. It was assigned to the Department of West Virginia, and participated in all the engagements of that department. It was originally commanded by Capt. Seth J. Simmonds until March, 1864, when Capt. Daniel W. Glassie assumed command and under him it veteranized at Charleston, W. Va."
(from KY adjutant-general's report)

Service summary:
1861. November it was at Kanawha Falls.
1862. December, January, February, March and April at Gauley Bridge.
1862. May, June, July at flat Top Mountains.
1862. August at Munson's Hill.
1862. September it was at South Mountain and Antietam, and received special and numerous mention in the reports of those battles.
1862. October at Suttonville, W. Va.
From November, 1862, to April, 1863, at Gauley Bridge;
in May and June at Camp White, Va.;
July and August at Gauley Bridge. From September, 1863, to January, 1864, at Camp Toland, Va.
February, March and April at Fayetteville, Va.
In May at Burgers Hall. June at Camp Piatt.
July at Harper's Ferry.
From August, 1864, to June, 1865, at Fort Fuller, Va., and other places in that section.


In the Antietam Campaign:
The Battery was attached to to the Kanawha Division.

More on the Web:
Basic source data online

References, Sources, and other Notes:
See a very useful transcription of Capt. Speed's Union Regiments of KY, including citation above from the adjutant-general's report.

We have 2 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
--LtErenburg, Arthur WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--CaptSimmonds, Seth J.        We have some details for this person

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