Massachusetts Sharpshooters, First Company"Andrew Sharpshooters"
Organized: Lynnfield, Mass.; mustered in 8/1861
|Commanding Officer: |
Capt. John Saunders
|Map Showing this Unit:|
Detail Map #5: Sedgwick is Flanked in the West Woods
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #35: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 15 Sep, 8 PM
Tablet #115: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #116: Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #36: Sedgwick's Division, Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #37: Gorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
This Detachment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of the Potomac
Corps - Second (II) Army Corps
Division - 2nd Division, II Corps
Brigade - 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps
History of the Unit:
The company was first assigned to Gen. Lander's Brigade, which formed a part of Gen. Stone's force at Poolesville, Md. It remained on the upper Potomac under Gen. Lander until his death in March, 1862, then served for a time under Gen. Shields. During the siege of Yorktown in April, 1862, the company became attached to the 15th Mass. Regt. of Gorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, Sumner's (2d) Corps. With this command the sharpshooters served through the Peninsular campaign, the Antietam campaign, and until the following spring.
(from Hands-on History)
In the Antietam Campaign:
This Company was attached to the 15th Massachusetts Infantry, and was with them in combat on the 17th - part of Gen Sedgewick's Division as it made its disasterous advance into the West Woods and was hit on three sides by the strong Confederate counterattack. Their Captain, John Saunders, was killed there.
References, Sources, and other Notes:
There's an excellent group photograph of members of the Company, probably from March of 1862. This copy from one hosted by Susan Harnwell on her encyclopedic 15th Massachusetts Infantry site. Another was sold in a collection of Captain John Saunders effects by The Horse Soldier Antiques in Gettysburg.
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