18th Georgia InfantryOrganized: Cobb County, GA; mustered in 4/22/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Appomattox Courthouse, VA 4/9/1865
|Commanding Officer: |
LCol. Solon Z. Ruff
|Statistics for Maryland Campaign|
Initial Strength: 177
Killed in Action (KIA): 27
Wounded (WIA): 64
Losses, % of Initial Strength: 51.4%
Maps Showing this Unit:
Detail Map #1: Hookers I Corps' Sweeps Down the Pike
Detail Map #2: Hood's Division Retakes the Cornfield
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #309: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 16 Sep, 11 PM
Tablet #327: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 16 Sep, 2 PM to 16 Sep, 10 PM
Tablet #331: Wofford's Brigade, Hood's Division - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 16 Sep, 10 PM
Tablet #324: Wofford's Brigade, Hood's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #310: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Longstreet's Command
Division - Hood's Division
Brigade - Hood's Brigade
History of the Unit:
The unit was organized under Colonel Wofford in April 1861at Camp Brown, Cobb County, Georgia, and entered Confederate States service in August of that year. They were assigned to Hood's Texas Brigade, and served in that unit until after Sharpsburg, when they were transferred to Cobb's Brigade. They were at Seven Pines, Seven Days Battles, Gaines' Mill, and 2nd Manassas before embarking on the Maryland Campaign.
In the Antietam Campaign:
The Regiment was lightly engaged at Boonsboro (Crampton's Gap) on 15 September, and heavily in Hood's counterattack into the Cornfield on the northern part of the field at Sharpsburg on the 17th. Most of the unit's casualties were taken in repeated assaults of the guns of the Federal Battery B, 4th US, posted near the Hagerstown Pike in the Cornfield.
The remainder of the War:
The 18th continued in active service with the Army of Northern Virginia and was engaged at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor. Their last battle was at Sayler's Creek, Virginia, on April 6, 1865. The remaining veterans surrendered with General Lee at Appomattox.
References, Sources, and other Notes:
Basic information about the unit is from Folsom, James M., Heroes and Martyrs of Georgia, 1864. Personnel data is from Henderson, Lillian, Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia 1861-1865, compiled 1959-64, published in 1984 by the Georgia Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Both of these works are extracted online at the excellent 18th Georgia Infantry site.
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