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Confederate Regiment

1st Texas Infantry

 

Commanding Officer on the Sharpsburg Campaign:
  LCol. Philip A. Work

 

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Corps - Longstreet's Command
  Division - Hood's Division
  Brigade - Hood's Brigade


Unit history

The men of the 1st Texas came from East Texas and Harris & Galveston Counties. Arriving piecemeal, all the men of the 1st TX arrived in Richmond, VA, by June 1, 1861, and were commanded by Colonel L. T. Wigfall.
Upon Wigfall's promotion [to Brigade command], Captain A. T. Rainey was voted as Colonel on January 2nd, 1862, P. A. Work as Lt. Colonel. Colonel Rainey was wounded at the Battle of Gaines' Mill [June 1862] and then Lt. Colonel Phillip A. Work was in command of the 1st TX.

On the Sharpsburg Campaign

Early on the 17th "the Texas Brigade counterattacked Hooker's 1st Corps as they pushed Jackson's men out of the Cornfield and down the Hagerstown Pike toward the Dunker Church. The Texans pressed the Yankees through the cornfield and to the northern edge of it where Anderson's Brigade of Meade's Union division was posted. After several volleys by Anderson's yankees, the 1st Texas fell back through the Cornfield to the West Woods. The 1st Texas left their flag, 8 color-bearers and 186 of their 226 men in the Cornfield. Their 82.6% casualties was the most of any regiment of either side during the War."
(quoted from the 1st Texas site)

See Lt Colonel Work's Sharpsburg casualty list of 22 September as published in the Galveston News of 1 November 1862.

Statistics

Initial Strength: 244; Total Casualties: 187;
Losses, % of Initial Strength: 76.6%

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #309: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 16 Sep, 11 PM
Tablet #327: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 16 Sep, 2 PM to 16 Sep, 10 PM
Tablet #331: Wofford's Brigade, Hood's Division - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 16 Sep, 10 PM
Tablet #324: Wofford's Brigade, Hood's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #310: Hood's Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM

We have 229 individuals who were on the Maryland Campaign in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtArmstrong, George W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBaker, Green WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBlackburn, Frank E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBrewer, T. E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtDerrick, E. P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtEpperson, Henry J.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtHempstead, Stephen POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
ASgtHill, James C.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtJoiner, James KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtJones, C. D.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtJones, Tom KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtLane, Benjamin R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpMalone, James K.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtMcClendon, W. F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACaptTodd, George T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtWhitaker, III, Willis LoundesWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtAnderson, Milledge B.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
BSgtBarfield, Gabriel WashingtonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBowling, Booker L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BSgtButler, Charles W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtChoate, Rufus RandolphWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCorpDunham, C. R.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtJohnson, George H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtPankey, W. O.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BLtShotwell, John I.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtTrenckmann, Adolph KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BSgtVictory, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtWoodward, Samuel J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtGage, Granville L.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CLtHoffman, F. L.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtMcGee, Samuel HoustonWIA/POW   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
CPvtMcManus, G. W.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
CLtNadle, William B.AWOL   09/16     We have some details for this person
CCaptRice, David K.        We have some details for this person
CPvtStamper, William T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtWatson, Charles MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBartlett, Daniel W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBrown, Edward B.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtConnally, J. R.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCaptConnally, U. S.        We have some details for this person
DCorpDickson, J. T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtDunklin, James P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtJackson, Walter C.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtJackson, William R.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtMcCoy, H. C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtMiles, J. FosterWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtOliver, William Alexander ThompsonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtPowell, E. C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtShropshire, J. WinkfieldWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtTherrell, Abe S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtThomas, Lucian W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtWood, A. J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtWood, Jack P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBrazeal, W. SamuelWIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtCampbell, J. D.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtCampbell, WIlliam M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtClark, Robert L.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtEwing, E. M.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
EPvtFields, C. H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtGillett, Marcus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtHeard, George F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtHendrick, James H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMarks, Joseph         We have some details for this person
EPvtMarshall, Robert J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ELtPerry, Clinton E.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtPerry, Eugene OsceolaWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
ECorpPerry, Howard EarleKIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
EPvtPerry, Sidney FranklinWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtRudder, Joseph F.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtSmith, John W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtWatson, Samuel T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ELtWebb, Berry W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtWillingham, T. W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ELtWoodson, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtEngelking, Sigismund WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtFelps, Oscar KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtHanks, Amos G.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtHolmes, William FranklinWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtPerryman, James E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtRountree, W. A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FLtRunnels, Perry KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtScott, William F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCaptWillson, Samuel AndrewWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GSgtAspley, Matthew JamesKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBlackshear, Seaborn QuincyWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBottoms, Smith KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtButler, Richard KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtCantley, Z. W.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtCone, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtCorder, James M.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GSgtFiles, Manly M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpHallum, Basil AlexanderKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GLtJemison, Elbert SevierWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
GPvtKnox, Marion AndersonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtMathews, James W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtMcFarland, Calvin R.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpMynatt, W. ParkPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtPosey, A. J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GLtRose, Thomas JeffersonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtWard, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtWatts, Frederick JuliusWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCaptWoodward, John R.        We have some details for this person
HPvtAnderson, Anton KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtBolton, Canada SevierWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtCounts, John A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtCulpepper, George WashingtonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtDerrough, William GaryWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtEmbry, Felix M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtEvans, Leander LuskWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
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HLtGaston, Robert HughKIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
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HPvtGoble, B. W.AWOL   09/16     We have some details for this person
HPvtHerrington, John MarionWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtHickman, Haywood G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HSgtHollingsworth, Joseph ColemanMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtHollingsworth, Nathan         We have some details for this person
HPvtHollingsworth, William KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtJones, James RalphedWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtKing, J. C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtMarshall, James H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
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HPvtNichols, John B.        We have some details for this person
HLtStevenson, John         We have some details for this person
HPvtStrother, A. C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtTippen, James G.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtWilliams, William L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtAldrich, Albert AugustusWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ISgtBayrue, W. M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtBerryman, Newton M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtBoone, Thomas A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtBox, Felix M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtCongleton, Allen A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtCook, Thomas J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICaptCotton, Richard W.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtFitts, Levi J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpHale, Drury H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHarris, John POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
IPvtHarwell, John S.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHouse, Wiley A.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtJones, Henry N.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ISgtMitchell, Russell CrawfordWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
IPvtPatrick, H. C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtPayne, William M.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
ICorpPritchard, William D.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtReeves, Malichiah WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtRudicil, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtSheridan, John HenryWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ILtWooters, John H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtYoungblood, Michael WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtBryan, William M.POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
KPvtDay, Jr., Stephen MingsWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtGray, William W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHail, Jesse M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpHanks, Orlando ThackerWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCaptMassey, John HarmonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMiller, Edward G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMosely, Henry E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtNoble, J. O.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KLtPatton, Samuel F.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtQuinn, William O.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtRuddell, Isaac NewtonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KLtWaterhouse, James MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtWilson, Andrew J.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtAlsbrook, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtBarbee, Wilson J.        We have some details for this person
LPvtBass, George KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LCaptBedell, William A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtBlessing, Solomon ThomasWIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
LSgtBranard, George Albert        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
LSgtCarpenter, Stephen A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtCoffee, John POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtCohen, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtFrank, Jacob KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtGarrity, Michael POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtGillis, John P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtHalleck, Charles B.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LCorpHanson, John M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtHoskins, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LCorpJacoblef, Robert KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtJones, Austin W.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtKingsley, Charles H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtLake, Thomas W.C.        We have some details for this person
LPvtLeach, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtLovelock, William H.AWOL   09/15     We have some details for this person
LSgtMahoney, John P.        We have some details for this person
LPvtMcGar, Henry BatesWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtNagle, James WIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
LPvtRourke, John O.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtSchultz, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtSchwarting, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtSmith, John M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LLtThompson, James C. S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtWelch, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LPvtYoung, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
LCorpZimmer, William KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MCaptBallenger, Howard WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtBass, James WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
MCorpBennett, Richmond OliverWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
MPvtBoon, Joshua KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtBowman, T. J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtCapps, Boleware J.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
MPvtCarlton, John R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtDay, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtDunham, M. A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtEaves, E. B.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtEvans, Jesse TurnerWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MSgtEvans, W. C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtGoodson, William J.WIA   09/15     We have some details for this person
MPvtHamilton, David Henry        We have some details for this person
MPvtJones, James AllenPOW   09/12     We have some details for this person
MPvtLancaster, John MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtMcBride, Oliver WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtMotes, J. M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtMurray, C. WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtPinson, Harvey H.POW   09/16     We have some details for this person
MPvtPope, Edmund WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MSgtRoach, Shadrack D. KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MLtSanford, William Thomas P.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtStewart, H. CharlesMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtStory, James W.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtSweat, J. HenryWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtTownes, William J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtWalter, Aaron WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
MPvtWisby, Vondra J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SSgtBronaugh, D. B.        We have some details for this person
F&SMajDale, Matthew KIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SLColWork, Philip Alexander        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
UnkPvtPhelps, J. Died   00/00     We have some details for this person

 

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