23rd Georgia InfantryOrganized: Big Shanty, GA; mustered in 9/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Goldsboro, NC 4/26/1865
Col. W. P. Barclay
LCol. E. F. Best
Maj. J. H. Huggins
|Statistics for Maryland Campaign|
Initial Strength: not known
Killed in Action (KIA): 14
Wounded (WIA): 64
Maps Showing this Unit:
Detail Map #3: Mansfield's XII Corps Attacks Into the Cornfield
Detail Map #6: French's Division Hits the Sunken Road
Detail Map #7: Richardson's Division Attacks the Sunken Road
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #384: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #332: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #315: Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #339: Colquitt's Brigade, D. H. Hill's Division - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #333: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 1 PM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #385: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #365: Colquitt's and Garland's Brigades - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Jackson's Command
Division - D. H. Hill's Division
Brigade - Colquitt's Brigade
History of the Unit:
The unit was formed at Camp McDonald from men of Bartow, Henderson, Floyd, Pickens, Cherokee, Union, and Walker counties with Colonel Thomas Hutcherson, first commander. They were significantly engaged at Seven Pines (May 1862) and in the Seven Days fighting (June/July 1862).
In the Antietam Campaign:
They were engaged on South Mountain at Turner's Gap on 14 September, and in the vicinity of the Cornfield at Sharpsburg on the 17th. Colonel Barclay was killed in action at Sharpsburg while in command of the regiment, his relief, Lt Colonel Emory Best was wounded, the command devolving on Major James H. Huggins, who was also wounded in action.
The remainder of the War:
The Regiment was at Fredericksburg (December 1862) and Chancellorsville (May 1863), where Colonel Best was the only serving officer who avoided capture, then served with the rest of the brigade in North Carolina and in the defenses of Charleston, South Carolina. In February 1864 they were in Florida for the Battle of Olustee. After further service in South Carolina, they returned to Virginia in the Spring of 1864.They were at Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, and surrendered in North Carolina with General Johnston's Army of Tennessee in 1865.
More on the Web:
See more about a Walker County family whose sons served in the Regiment, and the Regiment itself, at the Goodson family history site.
References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: a brief history of the regiment from Thomas R. Fasulo on his Battle of Olustee website; and
Sifakis, Stewart, The Compendium of the Confederate Armies, South Carolina and Georgia, Facts on File, 1995, and Crute, Joseph H. Jr. Units of the Confederate States Army, Midlothian (VA): Derwent Books, 1987 - both extracted online by Eastern Digital Resources on their Civil War in Georgia site.
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